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Main Title Animal investigation program 1978 annual report : Nevada test site and vicinity /
Author Smith, D. D. ; Bernhardt, D. E. ; Giles, K. R.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Smith, D. D.
CORP Author Environmental Monitoring and Support Lab., Las Vegas, NV.;Department of Energy, Las Vegas, NV. Nevada Operations Office.
Publisher Environmental Monitoring and Systems Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Available from NTIS,
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA 600-3-80-096; DOE/DP/0059-038; DE-AI08-76PD00539; DE-AI08-76D000539; AI08-76DP00539
Stock Number PB81-170748
OCLC Number 16402375
Subjects Nevada Test Site (Nev) ; Nuclear weapons--Nevada--Testing ; Radioisotopes in the body ; Nuclear weapons--Testing ; Nevada--Nevada Test Site
Additional Subjects Radioactive isotopes ; Radiobiology ; Surveillance ; Beef cattle ; Wildlife ; Pathology ; Radio telemetry ; Tissues(Biology) ; Peoples Republic of China ; Fallout ; Concentration(Composition) ; Contamination ; Humans ; Plutonium ; Strontium ; Cesium ; Metals ; Deer ; Bioaccumulation ; Nevada Test Site ; Histopathology ; Radioisotopes ; Wild animals ; Behavior ; Bioassay ; Experimental data ; Radiation doses ; Radioecological concentration ; Strontium 90 ; Tritium ; ERDA/510302
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-3-80-096 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 600/3-80-096 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 10/22/2012
NTIS  DOE/DP/0059-038 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
NTIS  PB81-170748 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation viii, 65 pages : maps ; 28 cm.
Data are presented from the radioanalysis of tissues collected from cattle and wildlife that resided on or near the Nevada Test Site. Gamma-emitting radionuclides were detected infrequently with the exception of short-lived radionuclides found in samples from animals collected soon after a nuclear test by the People's Republic of China. Plutonium and Strontium-90 concentrations in tissues from deer, cattle, and desert bighorn sheep were consistent with those of recent years. Tritium concentrations were generally within expected environmental limits with the exception of animals exposed to sources of contamination. Radionuclide tissue concentrations were generally higher in the tissues of animals residing in Area 15 than in similar animals collected from other Nevada Test Site areas. Hypothetical dose estimates to man were calculated on the basis of the daily consumption of 0.5 kilogram of liver or muscle from animals that contained peak radionuclide levels. The highest postulated dose was 1.4 millirems for tritium in tissues from a mule deer. The movements of 13 mule deer outfitted with collars containing a radio transmitter unit were monitored on a weekly basis. During the winter deer left their summer range and migrated 40 to 60 kilometers south and west. A deer originally captured in 1977 was killed by hunters approximately 120 kilometers from its capture point. No gross or microscopic lesions were found in necropsied animals that could be directly attributed to the effects of ionizing radiation.
"EPA 600-3-80-096." "December 1980." Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under memorandum of understanding no. DE-AI08-76PD00539. DOE/DP/0059-038. Includes bibliographical references (pages 29-31).