Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 17 OF 23
|Main Title||Investigation of selected potential environmental contaminants.|
|Author||Durkin, Patrick R. ; Howard, Philip H. ; Saxena., Jitendra|
|CORP Author||Syracuse Univ. Research Corp., N.Y. Life Sciences Div.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Toxic Substances.|
|Publisher||Syracuse University Research Corp.,|
|Report Number||EPA-560/2-75-006; SURC-TR-75-561; EPA-68-01-2996; PB246356|
|Stock Number||PB-246 356|
|Additional Subjects||Pollution ; Ethers ; Halogen organic compounds ; Enviromental surveys ; Chlorine aliphatic compounds ; Toxicology ; Industrial medicine ; Physical properties ; Invertebrates ; Microorganisms ; Chemical properties ; Animals ; Birds ; Humans ; Hydrolysis ; Photochemistry ; Manufacturing ; Storage ; Materials handling ; Waste disposal ; Degradation ; Physiological effects ; Industrial atmospheres ; Hazardous materials ; Industrial hygiene ; Carcinogens ; Accumulation ; Air pollution ; Exposure ; Anesthetics ; Organic solvents ; Water pollution ; Reviews ; Regulations ; Standards ; Occupational safety and health ; Ether/bis(chloromethyl) ; Ether/chloromethyl-methyl ; Environmental impact assessments ; Ether/bis(chloroethyl) ; Ether/bis(isopropyl) ; Feedstocks ; Toxic hazards ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Air pollution effects(Animals) ; Air pollution detection|
This report reviews the potential environmental hazard from the commercial use of haloether compounds. The fluorinated anesthetic ethers, methoxyfurane (2,2-dichloro-1,1-difluoroethyl methyl ether) and fluroxene (2,2,2-trifluoroethyl vinyl ether), are only peripherally treated. Major focus is on the alpha-chloroethers, bis(chloromethyl)-ether and chloromethyl methyl ether, and the beta-chloroethers, bis(2-chloroisopropyl)-ether, bis(2-chloroethyl)ether, and bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane. The alpha-chloroethers are used as chemical intermediates for production of ion exchange resins while the beta-chloroethers are used mostly for solvents but have some chemical intermediate uses. Specific topics discussed include the following: Physical and chemical data; Environmental exposure factors - (Production and consumption, uses, environmental contamination potential, current handling practices and control technology, monitoring and analysis); Health and environmental effects - (environmental effect, biology, toxicity - humans, toxicity - birds and mammals, toxicity - invertebrates, phytotoxicity, toxicity - microorganisms); Regulations and standards - (current regulations, concensus and similar standards); summary and conclusions.
Sponsored by the Office of Toxic Substances, Environmental Protection Agency. Final report. Report no. EPA 560/2-75-006; contract no. EPA 68-01-2996. PB 246 356. Includes bibliographical references (pages 157-168).