Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Source assessment : rail tank car, tank truck, and drum cleaning : state of the art /
Author Earley, Duane E., ; Earley, D. E. ; Tackett, K. M. ; Blackwood., T. R.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Tackett, K. M.
Blackwood, T. R.
Turner, Ronald J.
CORP Author Monsanto Research Corp., Dayton, Ohio.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Industrial Pollution Control Division,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-600/2-78-004g; EPA-600/2-78-004 kg; MRC-DA-713; EPA-68-02-1874
Stock Number PB-280 726
OCLC Number 03999335
Subjects Railroad cars--Environmental aspects ; Railroads--Environmental aspects ; Air--Pollution ; Water--Pollution
Additional Subjects Air pollution ; Water pollution ; Cargo vehicles ; Cleaning ; Drums(Chemical engineering) ; Railroad cars ; Organic compounds ; Petroleum products ; Oils ; Greases ; Concentration(Composition) ; Containers ; Design criteria ; Forecasting ; Technology ; Inorganic compounds ; Biochemical oxygen demand ; Sources ; Assessments ; Pollution control ; Tank cars ; Chemical oxygen demand
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA-600/2-78-004g Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/17/2006
EKBD  EPA-600/2-78-004g Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 04/19/2002
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-004g Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 600/2-78-004g Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 12/17/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-2-78-004G Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-280 726 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xi, 57 pages : illustrations, tables ; 28 cm.
This document reviews the state of the art of air emissions and water pollutants from cleaning rail tank cars, tank trucks, and drums. Composition, quantity, and rate of emissions and pollutants are described. Rail tank cars, tank trucks, and drums are used to transport chemical and petroleum commodities from producer to consumer. Steaming, washing and/or flushing of such units result in air emissions and wastewater effluents. Air emissions are predominantly organic chemical vapors. Water pollutants common to these operations are primarily oil and grease, COD, BOD, suspended solids and many other organic and inorganic materials. Representative sources were defined in order to evaluate the hazard potential. Source severity was defined and evaluated for air emissions and for wastewater effluents. Control methods used to reduce emissions from rail tank car and tank truck cleaning consist only of flaring flushed gases. By EPA estimates, two-thirds of the tank truck industry discharges into municipal systems with little or no pretreatment. This treatment has generally been limited to sedimentation, neutralization, evaporation ponds, and lagoons.
"April 1978." "This report was submitted in partial fulfillment of Contract No. 68-02-1874 by Monsanto Research Corporation under the sponsorship of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency." Includes bibliographical references (pages 48-50).