Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 2 OF 7
|Main Title||Effects of Sodium Pentachlorophenate on Several Estuarine Animals: Toxicity, Uptake, and Depuration.|
|Author||Schimmel, Steven C. ; Patrick, Jr., James M. ; Faas, Linda F. ;|
|CORP Author||Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Breeze, FL. Gulf Breeze Environmental Research Lab.|
|Report Number||EPA/600/J-78/078 ;GULF BREEZE CONTRIB-336;|
|Stock Number||PB-291 127|
|Additional Subjects||Toxicology ; Pesticides ; Insecticides ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Shrimps ; Fishes ; Lethal dosage ; Concentration(Composition) ; Tissues(Biology) ; Invertebrates ; Shellfish ; Experimental data ; Chemical analysis ; Oysters ; Sodium pentachlorophenate ; Palaemonetes pugio ; Penaeus aztecus ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Bioaccumulation ; Striped mullett ; Longnose killifish ; Pinfish ; Lagodon rhomboides ; Crassostrea virginica ; Mugil cephalus ; Fundulus similis ; Depuration|
Several estuarine animals were exposed to sodium pentachlorophenate (Na-PCP), in flowthrough toxicity tests. The following are test animals and their 96-hour LC50 values; grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio), >515 micrograms/l; brown shrimp (Penaeus aztecus), >195 micrograms/l; longnose killifish (Fundulus similis), >306 micrograms/l; pinfish (Lagodon rhomboides), 53.2 micrograms/l; and striped mullet (Mugil cephalus), 112 micrograms/l. The 192-hour EC50 (effect measured was shell deposition) for the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) was 76.5 micrograms/l. Eastern oysters exposed to Na-PCP concentrations of 25.0 and 2.5 micrograms/l accumulated the chemical in their tissues an average of 41 and 78 times, respectively. After Na-PCP delivery was discontinued, however, the oysters purged themselves of the pesticide within four days.