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Main Title Disinfection efficiency and residual toxicity of several wastewater disinfectants /
Author Ward, Ronald W., ; Giffin, Randall D. ; DeGraeve, G. Michael ; Stone., Richard A.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Ward, Ronald W.
CORP Author Wyoming, Mich. ;Grand Valley State Coll., Allendale, Mich. Dept. of Biology.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio. Wastewater Research Div.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/2-76-156; EPA-S-802292
Stock Number PB-262 245
OCLC Number 02726523
Subjects Sewage disposal plants ; Sewage--Purification--Chlorination ; Disinfection and disinfectants ; sewage treatment plants
Additional Subjects Water treatment ; Sewage treatment ; Disinfection ; Toxicity ; Chlorine ; Bromine ; Chlorides ; Ozone ; Bioassay ; Sulfur dioxide ; Toxic tolerances ; Effectiveness ; Dechlorination ; Coliform bacteria ; Invertebrates ; Fishes ; Life cycles ; Michigan ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Daphnia magna ; Pimephales promelas
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJED  EPA 600/2-76-156 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 06/30/2006
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-76-156 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD  EPA 600-2-76-156 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 01/03/2003
ESAD  EPA 600-2-76-156 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-262 245 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation volumes : illustrations ; 28 cm.
This study was conducted to determine the comparative effectiveness of chlorine, bromine chloride, and ozone as wastewater disinfectants, and to determine any residual toxicity associated with wastewater disinfection with these agents or with chlorinated wastewater which had been dechlorinated with sulfur dioxide. Streams of nondisinfected and chlorinated wastewater were pumped from the Grandville, Michigan, Wastewater Treatment Plant to the project laboratory. Part of the chlorinated wastewater stream was delivered directly to the toxicity laboratory for bioassay studies while the remainder of the chlorinated stream was dechlorinated with sulfur dioxide prior to its use in bioassay tests. Total and fecal coliform densities, suspended solids, volatile solids, COD, ammonia nitrogen, phosphate, turbidity, color, and pH were measured in the wastewater streams. Each of the five wastewater streams was used in acute toxicity tests with several species of fishes and the freshwater macroinvertebrate Daphnia magna, and in a life cycle toxicity study with the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, as the test subject.
"Prepared in cooperation with Grand Valley State Colleges, Dept. of Biology, Allendale, Mich., and city of Wyoming, Mich., under grant no. S-802292 (F 17060 HJB)." Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes
v. 1. Grandville, Michigan -- v. 2. Wyoming, Michigan.