Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Reviews of the environmental effects of pollutants : IV, cadmium /
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Hammons, Anna S.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Health Effects Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-600/1-78-026; W-7405-ENG-26
Stock Number PB 283 085; ORNL/EIS-106
OCLC Number 06012239
Subjects Cadmium--Toxicology ; Pollution ; Environmental health ; Pollution--Environmental aspects
Additional Subjects Cadmium--Toxicology ; Pollution--Environmental aspects ; Environmental health ; Air pollution ; Cadmium ; Land pollution ; Water pollution ; Agricultural wastes ; Animals ; Aquatic ecosystems ; Biological effects ; Chromosomal aberrations ; Chronic intake ; Environmental effects ; Environmental transport ; Food chains ; Industrial wastes ; Man ; Microorganisms ; Municipal wastes ; Plants ; Terrestrial ecosystems ; Toxicity ; ERDA/560300 ; ERDA/500200 ; ERDA/510200 ; ERDA/520200 ; Toxic substances ; Heavy metals ; Humans ; Diets
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHBD  EPA-600/1-78-026 CEMM/ACESD Library/Narragansett,RI 03/09/2007
EJBD  EPA 600-1-78-026 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/28/2014
EJED  EPA 600/1-78-026 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 01/01/1988
EKBD  EPA-600/1-78-026 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 06/09/2014
EKCD  EPA-600/1-78-026 CEMM/GEMMD Library/Gulf Breeze,FL 05/29/2018
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-1-78-026 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023 DISPERSAL
EMBD  EPA/600/1-78/026 NRMRL/GWERD Library/Ada,OK 02/03/1995
NTIS  ORNL/EIS-106 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xix, 253 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
This report is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary review of the health and environmental effects of cadmium and specific cadmium derivatives. More than 500 references are cited. The cadmium body burden in animals and humans results mainly from the diet. In the United States, the normal intake of cadmium for adult humans is estimated at about 50 mu g per day. Tobacco smoke is a significant additional source of cadmium exposure. The kidneys and liver together contain about 50% of the total cadmium body burden. Acute cadmium poisoning is primarily an occupational problem, generally from inhalation of cadmium fumes or dusts. In the general population, incidents of acute poisoning by inhaled or ingested cadmium or its compounds are relatively rare. The kidney is the primary target organ for toxicity from prolonged low-level exposure to cadmium. No causal relationship has been established between cadmium exposure and human cancer, although a possible link between cadmium and prostate cancer has been indicated. Cadmium has been shown to be teratogenic in rats, hamsters, and mice, but no such effects have been proven in humans. Cadmium has been reported to increase the frequency of chromosomal aberrations in cultured Chinese hamster ovary cells and in human peripheral leukocytes. The major concern about environmental cadmium is the potential effects on the general population. There is no substantial evidence of hazard from current levels of cadmium in air, water, or food. However, because cadmium is a cumulative poison and because present intake provides a relatively small safety margin, there are adequate reasons for concern over possible future increases in background levels. (ERA citation 03:051260)
Prepared for Health Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio. Includes bibliographical references.