Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 9 OF 12
|Main Title||Multimedia levels : cadmium /|
|CORP Author||Battelle Columbus Labs., Ohio.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Toxic Substances.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Toxic Substances,|
|Report Number||EPA/560/6-77/032; EPA-68-01-1983|
|Stock Number||PB-273 198|
|Subjects||Cadmium ; Cadmium--Environmental aspects|
|Additional Subjects||Cadmium ; Concentration(Composition) ; Aquatic biology ; Metals ; Food ; Behavior ; Humans ; Exposure ; Distribution ; Excretion ; Sediments ; Sludge ; Plants(Botany) ; Animals ; Chemical properties ; Physical properties ; Air ; Potable water ; Environments ; Rocks ; Soils ; Food contamination ; Food chains ; Tables(Data) ; Heavy metals ; Environmental health ; Bioaccumulation ; Cigarettes ; Environment pollution ; Environmental transport ; Body burdens|
|Collation||155 pages in various pagings : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm|
The report is a review of environmental levels of cadmium based on published reports and other information sources. Cadmium levels are reported for the atmosphere, surface and ground waters, drinking water, sediments, soil, sludge, terrestrial and aquatic biota, and man. The behavior of cadmium in the environment is also discussed. Although cadmium is present in measurable quantities in virtually all areas, for the general population oral ingestion in foods can represent the most important source of cadmium intake. Airborne sources appear to constitute a significant portion of cadmium intake for those occupationally exposed or those residing in areas heavily polluted by cadmium-emitting industries. Based on the information in this document, current cadmium releases to the environment appear to be declining. However, the cadmium content in fossil fuels and fertilizers is only partially controllable, and these two sources may set the lower bounds of attainable minimums in cadmium emissions to the environment. Most of the dissipated cadmium eventually becomes bound to soil, sediment, and ocean sinks. Biological accumulations of cadmium are found in most living organisms.
"EPA 560/6-77-032." EPA contract no. 68-01-1983. EPA project officer: Vincent J. DeCarlo. Section 6: Bibliography. Microfiche.