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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Acute Toxicities of Cd2+, Cr+6, Hg2+, Ni2+, and Zn2+ to Estuarine Macrofauna.
Author Eisler, Ronald ; Hennekey, Raymond J. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Narragansett, RI.
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA/600/J-77/151;
Stock Number PB-295 377
Additional Subjects Toxicology ; Metals ; Estuaries ; Fishes ; Gastropoda ; Bioassay ; Salinity ; Marine biology ; Concentration(Composition) ; Physiological effects ; Crustacea ; Cadmium ; Chromium ; Mercury(Metal) ; Nickel ; Zinc ; Toxicity ; Echinodermata ; Worms ; Annelida ; Crabs ; Toxic substances ; Heavy metals ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Nereis virens ; Hermit crabs ; Pagurus longicarpus ; Asterias forbesi ; Mummichog ; Mya arenaria ; Nassarius obsoletus ; Fundulus heteroclitus ; Starfishes ; Reprints ; Soft shell clams
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-295 377 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 10p
Abstract Static acute toxicity bioassays were conducted at 20 C and 20 o/oo salinity with CdCl2-2 and one half H2O, K2CrO4, HgCl2, NiCl2-6H2O, and ZnCl2 using adults of starfish, Asterias forbesi; sandworm, Nereis virens; hermit crab, Pagurus longicarpus; softshell clam, Mya arenaria; mudsnail, Nassarius obsoletus; and mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus, a fish. Concentrations (mg/L metal) fatal to 50% of the organisms in 168 hr ranged from 0.004 (clam) to 0.8 (mummichog) for mercury; 0.7 (clam, worm, crab and starfish) to 40.0 (mummichog) for cadmium; 0.2 (crab) to 52.0 (mummichog) for zinc; 0.7 (sandworm) to 44.0 (mummichog) for hexavalent chromium; and 13.0 (starfish) to 150.0 (mummichog) for nickel. Biocidal action was restricted to a relatively narrow range for all species-metals combinations tested: i.e., mean LC-75/LC-25 ratios for individual metals at 168 hr ranged between 2.82 (Zn) and 6.02 (Cd); for individual species this ratio extended from 2.76 (fish) to 4.46 (clam). It appears that acute toxicity evaluation of potentially hazardous metals in saline environments requires utilization of at least several representative species from divergent taxonomic and ecological niches.
Supplementary Notes Pub. in Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 6, p315-323 1977.
NTIS Title Notes Journal article.
Title Annotations Reprint: Acute Toxicities of Cd2+, Cr+6, Hg2+, Ni2+, and Zn2+ to Estuarine Macrofauna.
PUB Date Free Form 18 Dec 76
Category Codes 6T; 6F; 8A; 57Y; 68D; 47D
NTIS Prices PC A02/MF A01
Primary Description 600/05
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 323761577
Origin NTIS
Type CAT