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Main Title Measurement and Instrumentation Techniques for Monitoring Plutonium and Uranium Particulates Released from Nuclear Facilities.
Author Nero, Jr., A. V. ;
CORP Author California Univ., Berkeley. Lawrence Berkeley Lab.;Energy Research and Development Administration.
Year Published 1976
Report Number W-7405-ENG-48 ;EPA-INA-D5-E6;
Stock Number LBL-5218
Additional Subjects Nuclear facilities ; Plutonium ; Uranium ; Air pollution monitors ; Air samplers ; Alpha sources ; Americium 241 ; Beta sources ; Body burden ; Critical organs ; Daughter products ; Environment ; Fuel cycle ; Gamma sources ; Health hazards ; Man ; Neptunium 237 ; Neptunium 239 ; Nuclear fuels ; Particles ; Performance ; Personnel ; Radiation detectors ; Radiation monitoring ; Radioactive aerosols ; Radioactive effluents ; Radionuclide kinetics ; Radionuclide migration ; Sampling ; Soils ; Surface air ; Thorium 228 ; Thorium 229 ; Thorium 230 ; Thorium 231 ; Thorium 232 ; Thorium 234 ; Tissue distribution ; Uranium 232 ; Uranium 234 ; Uranium 235 ; Uranium 236 ; Uranium 238 ; ERDA/500300 ; ERDA/510300 ; ERDA/053000 ; Radioactive contaminants ; Air pollution detection ; Soil analysis ; Gas analysis ; Chemical analysis
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  LBL-5218 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 103p
Abstract The purpose of this work has been an analysis and evaluation of the state-of-the-art of measurement and instrumentation techniques for monitoring plutonium and uranium particulates released from nuclear facilities. The occurrence of plutonium and uranium in the nuclear fuel cycle, the corresponding potential for releases, associated radiological protection standards and monitoring objectives are discussed. Techniques for monitoring via decay radiation from plutonium and uranium isotopes are presented in detail, emphasizing air monitoring, but also including soil sampling and survey methods. Additionally, activation and mass measurement techniques are discussed. The availability and prevalence of these various techniques are summarized. Finally, possible improvements in monitoring capabilities due to alterations in instrumentation, data analysis, or programs are presented. (ERA citation 02:018217)
PUB Date Free Form Aug 76
Category Codes 18G; 7D; 8M; 68F; 68A; 99A
NTIS Prices PC A06/MF A01
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 323700900
Origin NTIS
Type CAT