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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Recent Advances in the Development and Use of Physiologically Based Toxicokinetic Models for Fish.
Author Nichels, J. W. ;
CORP Author National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab., Duluth, MN. Mid-Continent Ecology Div. (Duluth) Library.
Publisher Aug 1998
Year Published 1998
Report Number EPA/600/A-99/089;
Stock Number PB2000-102973
Additional Subjects Fishes ; Toxicology ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Chemical kinetics ; Models ; Organic chemicals ; Absorption ; Elimination ; Hydrophobicity ; Metabolism ; Toxicokinetics
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2000-102973 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/06/2000
Collation 18p
Abstract Existing physiologically based toxicokinetic (PBTK) models for fish accurately predict the uptake and disposition of waterborne organic chemicals of low to intermediate hydrophobicity. These models have been used to evaluate factors that control chemical kinetics in fish and to extrapolate data among fish species. The utility of these models is limited, however, by a lack of understanding of the factors that control chemical uptake from dietary sources and an inability to measure, describe, and predict metabolic biotransformation. In this chapter, critical questions related to dietary uptake and metabolic biotransformation are identified and discussed. Research with fish that addresses some of these questions is presented. Guidance is also provided from modeling efforts with mammalian species. It is recommended that future research be directed towards developing a relatively simple gut sub-model description. In vitro methods for characterizing chemical biotransformation must be complemented by new techniques for measuring metabolism in the intact animal.
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Category Codes 57Y; 68D
NTIS Prices PC A03/MF A01
Primary Description 600/03
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 010400680
Origin NTIS
Type CAT