Sustainable Development: An Introduction -- 1. Biodiversity. The Value of Biodiversity / Martyn Murray. Many Marine Mammal Populations Declining / Ed Ayres. The Evolution of International Whaling Law / Greg Rose and Saundra Crane. Conservation of Wild Genetic Resources / Robert Prescott-Allen. Costa Rica / Peter Utting. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity / Abby Munson -- 2. Climate Change and Energy. A Target-Based, Least Cost Approach to Climate Stabilization / Florentin Krause, Wilfrid Bach and John Kooney. Energy Planning / Robert Hill, Phil O'Keefe and Colin Snape -- 3. Population. "Carrying Capacity", "Over Population" and Environmental Degradation / The Ecologist. The Population Debate / Frances Moore Lappe and Rachel Shurman. The Politics of Population Policies / Mira Shiva. Stabilizing Population: The Biggest Challenge / John Rowley and Johan Holmberg -- 4. Agriculture. Regenerating Agriculture: The Agroecology of Low-External Input and Community-Based Development / Jules Pretty, Irene Guijt, Ian Scoones and John Thompson. Economic and Political Consequences of the Green Revolution in India / Utsa Patnaik. Pricing Policy and Sustainability in Indonesia / Gordon Conway and Edward Barbier -- 5. Industrialization and Pollution. Restructuring Industry for Sustainable Development / Nick Robins and Alex Trisoglio. Legal Rights ... and Wrongs: Internationalizing Bhopal / Indira Jaising and C. Sathyamala. Run into the Wind / David Weir. Environmental Problems / Jorge Hardoy and David Satterthwaite. Agenda 21 / Matthias Koch and Michael Grubb -- 6. Urbanization and Health. Urban Growth as a Problem / Jorge Hardoy and David Satterthwaite. Human Settlements: Women's Environment of Poverty / Irene Dankelman and Joan Davidson. The Search for Shelter / Jorge Hardoy and David Satterthwaite. The Scale of the Problem / Sandy Cairncross, Jorge Hardoy and David Satterthwaite -- 7. The Commons. The Ambivalence of Property / Kevin Gray. The Commons: Where the Community has Authority / The Ecologist. Defending the Global Commons / Christopher D. Stone. Improving Livestock Raising / Alan Grainger. The Future of Africa's Drylands / Camilla Toulmin, Ian Scorer and Joshua Bishop -- 8. Environmental Security and Environmental Institutions. Enforcing Environmental Security / Phillipe Sands. Institutions for Environmental Security / Josef Vavrousek. Greening Bretton Woods / Jacob D. Werksman. Sustainable Development: The Political and Institutional Challenge / David Pearce -- 9. Empowerment. Planning the Family: A Woman's Choice / Irene Dankelman and Joan Davidson. Women's Mobilization in Human Settlements: The Case of Barrio Indio Guayas / Caroline Moser. What Next? / Charlie Pye-Smith and Grazia Borrini Feyerabend. Organizing for Change: People Power and the Role of Institutions / Robin Sharp -- 10. Environmental Economics. The Steady-State Economy: Alternatives to Growthmania / Herman Daly. Green Taxes / Lester Brown, Christopher Flavin and Sandra Postel. Global Warming: The Economics of Tradable Permits / David Pearce, Scott Barratt, Anil Markandya, Edward Barbier, Kerry Turner and Timothy Swanson. Such a huge number of books, journals and papers have been devoted to defining, assessing and implementing 'sustainable development' that students and other readers face information overload. Earthscan alone has published hundreds of essays and books on the subject. Now, though, the most authoritative writings have been carefully assessed and collected together in the Earthscan Reader in Sustainable Development. The contributions included span five years of the debate, and cover all the principal themes: the history of the concept; the problems in defining it; the issues surrounding it; and national and international policies and schemes to implement it. For ease of use, the essays have been split into key subject areas - such as agriculture, population and the commons - and they include practical case studies and examples, together with analyses from a number of different viewpoints from both the North and South. These seminal essays will provide readers with a unique overview of the subject, as well as the long-awaited basic course material for students of environmental studies, economics, geography, politics, planning and the social sciences.