Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Development of ozone reactivity scales for volatile organic compounds /
Author Carter, W. P. L. ; Carter, William P. L.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Carter, William P. L.
CORP Author California Univ., Riverside. Statewide Air Pollution Research Center.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Lab.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1991
Report Number EPA/600/3-91-050; EPA/600/S3-91/050
Stock Number PB91-243386
OCLC Number 26653904
Subjects Ozone. ; Organic compounds. ; Volatile organic compounds
Additional Subjects Volatile organic compounds ; Chemical reactivity ; Ozone ; Air pollution ; Nitrogen oxides ; Mathematical models ; Ozone reactivity scales
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-3-91-050 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/15/2013
EJBD  EPA 600-3-91-050 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 07/13/2015
EKBD  EPA-600/S3-91-050 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 09/19/2008
NTIS  PB91-243386 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation ix, [117] p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Methods for developing a numerical scale ranking reactivities of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) towards ozone formation were investigated. Effects of small VOC additions on ozone formation (incremental reactivities) were calculated for 140 types of VOCs in model scenarios representing a variety of single-day pollution episodes. Relative reactivities determined from effects of the VOCs on maximum ozone concentrations (ozone yields) varied widely among the scenarios, but relative reactivities determined from effects on integrated ozone levels were less variable. A 'maximum reactivity' scale was derived from ozone yield reactivities in scenarios where NOx inputs were adjusted so the VOCs had the greatest effect on ozone, and a 'maximum ozone' scale was derived from scenarios where NOx inputs gave maximum ozone concentrations. These scales gave different relative reactivities for many VOCs, particularly aromatics. Several 'multi-scenario' scales were derived from the ozone yield and integrated ozone reactivities in the unadjusted scenarios. The maximum ozone scale was more consistent with averages of ratios of ozone yield reactivities, but the maximum reactivity scale was more consistent with ratios of integrated ozone reactivities and also corresponded best to multi-scenario scales developed to minimize the total error in ozone predictions. Information concerning effects of NOx levels, of the composition of base case VOC emissions, and of other scenario conditions on reactivities was also obtained.
"September 1991." "EPA/600/3-91-050." "Cooperative agreement no. CR-814396-01-0." "Project officer, Joseph J. Bufalini." "Chemical Processes and Characterization Division." "Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory."