The interactions of nineteen radionuclides with soil and rock media in the literature to 1977 were reviewed. The radionuclides were those of the elements americium, antimony, cerium, cesium, cobalt, curium, europium, iodine, neptunium, plutonium, promethium, radium, ruthenium, strontium, technetium, thorium, tritium, uranium and zirconium. The review included a brief summary of natural soil and rock distributions, chemistry, solid and solution equilibria and laboratory and field adsorption and migration results. It was concluded that most of the values for radionuclide-geologic media distribution coefficients in the literature were inadequate due to failure to include a comprehensive description of system conditions. Areas for future work suggested by the review included determination of adsorption mechanisms and kinetics, influence of redox potential on antimony, iodine, neptunium, plutonium, technetium and uranium migration potential, influence of organic ligands on radionuclide migration potential, thermodynamic data determinations of solid and solution species, generation of distribution coefficient data that can be used in a comparative mode and maintenance of the data in a bank with general access available.