||Adaptation of Aquifer Microbial Communities to the Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds: Influence of Substrate Concentration and Preexposure.
Aelion, C. M. ;
Dobbins, D. C. ;
Pfaender, F. K. ;
||North Carolina Univ. at Chapel Hill. Dept. of Environmental Sciences and Engineering.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK.
Water pollution ;
Aquatic microbiology ;
Brominated hydrocarbons ;
Environmental fate ;
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Studies were conducted to examine the adaptation response of aquifer microbial communities to xenobiotic compounds and the influence of chemical preexposure in the laboratory and in situ on adaptation. Adaptation and biodegradation were assessed as mineralization and cellular incorporation of (14)C-radiolabelled substrates. For some compounds, such as ethylene dibromode, aniline and m-nitrophenol, biodegradation and adaptation rates were not influenced by chemical concentration over the range tested. Biodegradation rates increased with concentration for p-chlorophenol, and a gradient of adaptation and biodegradation responses was observed for p-nitrophenol up to a threshold concentration. Acclimation to laboratory conditions decreased but did not eliminate the adaptation period to p-nitrophenol. Laboratory adaptation studies and examination of uncontaminated and contaminated field samples from a single aquifer indicated that adaptation was accompanied by shifts in the metabolic fate of the substrate. The results indicate that the adaptation response in aquifer solids is due to a complex set of interactions that are influenced by the physiology and growth of the degrading populations. (Copyright (c) 1989 SETAC.)