Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Treatment of waste water--waste oil mixtures.
CORP Author Armco Steel Corporation.
Publisher Federal Water Pollution Control Administration; [for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.]
Year Published 1970
Report Number EPA/810-R-70-018; 12010 EZV 02/70; WPRD-169-01-68; 00410,
Stock Number PB-195 161
OCLC Number 05417082
Subjects Sewage disposal plants ; Oil pollution of rivers, harbors, etc ; Factory and trade waste ; Rolling (Metal-work)
Additional Subjects ( Water pollution ; Oils) ; ( Metal industry ; Water pollution) ; ( Industrial wastes ; Water pollution) ; Lubricating oils ; Iron and steel industry ; Cold rolling ; Coagulation ; Polyelectrolytes ; Flocculating ; Flotating ; Emulsification ; Zeta potential ; pH ; Waste water treatment ; Water pollution control ; Oil pollution
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 810-R-70-018 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/28/2014
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 810-R-70-018 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 810-R-70-018 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/26/2013
NTIS  PB-195 161 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation x, 137 p. illus., plans. 28 cm.
Cold reduction of steel strip results in the production of large quantities of waste water containing variable amounts of oil. A five stand tandem cold mill located at Armco Steel Corporation's Ashland, Kentucky Works produces 200 to 500 gpm of waste water containing 400 to 4,000 ppm of oil. The COD of the waste varies from 400 to 20,000 ppm. A treatment process and facility was developed, constructed, and demonstrated, on full scale, for the treatment of cold mill wastes. The treatment process utilized chemical coagulation to break the emulsions. The chemicals employed included alum, lime, clay and organic polylectrolyte. The process consisted of the following treatment steps; equalization, chemical addition and rapid mixing, flocculation, and dissolved air flotation. Zeta potential, streaming current, and particle size distribution were used in laboratory studies to describe the effect of the following variables on process kinetics; acid number, initial oil concentration, type of emulisifier, chemical dosage, order of chemical addition, reaction time, and final pH. Based on these studies, an hypothesis of the emulsion breaking mechanism was proprosed. Oil, COD, and turbidity were used in field studies to establish the effect of the following variables on treatment efficiency; chemical concentration, order of chemical addition, chemical mixing time, flocculation mixing time and speed, and air flotation time and recirculation rate. Based on these studies, design criteria and operating costs for this process were presented. (Author)
"12010 EZV 02/70." Prepared under grant no. WPRD-169-01-68. Bibliography: p. 87-88.