Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Spreading and movement of oil spills /
Author Schwartzberg, Henry G.
CORP Author New York Univ., Bronx. Dept. of Chemical Engineering.
Publisher Federal Water Pollution Control Administration, Dept. of the Interior,
Year Published 1970
Report Number EPL 4 70; FWPCA-01342-01A; 10580-EPL-4/70,; 08163
Stock Number PB-192 852
OCLC Number 54506994
Subjects Oil spills. ; Oil pollution of water.
Additional Subjects ( Water pollution ; Petroleum) ; Water waves ; Drift ; Wind ; Ocean currents ; Fuel oil ; Oil pollution ; Oil slicks ; Windward drift ; Wind velocity ; Spreading
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EMBD  PB-192852 NRMRL/GWERD Library/Ada,OK 04/30/2004
NTIS  PB-192 852 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vi, 103 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
The spreading and movement of oil spills on water were investigated. Areas for spills which form lenses were measured and correlated. Most crudes tested formed thin films, not lenses; but lens formation could be induced and spreading greatly reduced by surfactant treatment. Spreading rates for small spills were measured and correlated with spill volume, oil density and water viscosity. Field data and energy conservation, however, indicates that these aspects of small spills cannot be scaled up to large spill volumes. Wind-water basin tests indicated that on quiet open water oil should drift windward at 3.66% of the wind velocity. The percentage drift was not significantly affected by oil or water properties, depth, and wind speed, and agrees fairly well with field data. Waves caused significant reductions in wind drift, but in the shallow basin used did not induce significant drift themselves. Since wind causes waves, and deep water waves cause drift, further investigation of wind and wave drift interaction is recommended. Wind drift was found to be confined to a thin surface layer. The use of 1 - 1 1/2 inch deep oil-confining drogues markedly reduced wind drift. Investigation of the use nets of such drogues and of lens formation to reduce oil spread and movement is recommended. (Author)
150-80-EPL. Includes bibliographical references (pages 96-99). Microfiche.