Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Fate and Survival of Microbial Pest Control Agents in Nontarget Aquatic Organisms.
Author Genthner, F. J. ; Foss, S. S. ; Campbell, R. P. ; Fournie., J. W. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL. ;Technical Resources, Inc., Gulf Breeze, FL. ;University of West Florida, Pensacola. Dept. of Biology.
Publisher c5 Aug 93
Year Published 1993
Report Number EPA/600/J-94/112;
Stock Number PB94-155512
Additional Subjects Microorganisms ; Pest control ; Invertebrates ; Santa Rosa Sound ; Reprint ; Aquatic ecosystems ; Oysters ; Bacteria ; Spores ; Fungi ; Exposure ; Ultraviolet radiation ; Sterilization ; Circulation ; Germinations ; Histology ; Pathology ; Infectious diseases ; Control ; Pest control agents ; Aquarium ; Crassostrea virginica ; Eastern oysters ; Bacillus sphaericus ; Bacteria
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB94-155512 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 8p
A fully enclosed test system was developed to assess both potential adverse effects of microbial pest control agents on nontarget aquatic invertebrates and monitor their fate and survival. Eastern oysters, Crassostrea virginica, were exposed to various microbial pest control agents including the vegetative bacterium, Pseudomonas fluorescens, bacterial spores of Bacillus sphaericus, and fungal spores of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. aeschynomene. After an exposure of 3 days for the fungus, 14 days for the bacterial spores, and 7 days for the vegetative bacterial cells, half the oysters were placed into a fully enclosed 60 liter aquarium equipped with a recirculating water system which passed water through an ultraviolet-irradiation sterilizer at a rate of 1 liter per minute. The remaining oysters were placed into wire cages maintained in Santa Rosa Sound, Pensacola, Florida. Plate counts performed on homogenized oyster tissue, revealed that all of the microbial pest control agents were found in the oyster after exposure. None of the agents colonized the animals. Oysters depurated each microorganism at a different rate. For all microbes tested, their rates of clearance from the oysters in the enclosed UV light depuration system was similar to the rate of clearance from the oysters in Santa Rosa Sound. (Copyright (c) Inter-Research 1993.)