Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effects of Sewage Sludge on Di- (2-Ethylhexyl) Phthalate Uptake by Plants.
Author Aranda, J. M. ; O'Connor, G. A. ; Eiceman, G. A. ;
CORP Author New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
Publisher c1989
Year Published 1989
Report Number EPA/600/J-89/514;
Stock Number PB91-177121
Additional Subjects Sewage sludge ; Plants(Botany) ; Land pollution ; Sludge disposal ; Soil contamination ; Food chains ; Ground disposal ; Farm crops ; Waste disposal ; Isotopic labeling ; Tracer techniques ; Path of pollutants ; Sampling ; Concentration(Composition) ; Phthalates ; Carbon 14 ; Reprints ; Phthalic acid/di(ethylhexyl-ester)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB91-177121 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 09/04/1991
Collation 8p
Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a priority organic pollutant frequently found in municipal sludges. A greenhouse study was conducted to determine the effects of sludge on plant uptake of (14)C-DEHP (carbonyl labeled). Plants grown included three food chain crops, lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), carrot (Daucus carota L.), and chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). Net (14)C concentration in plants grown in soil amended with (14)C-DEHP-contaminated sludge was independent of sludge rate (at the same DEHP loading) for lettuce, chile fruit, and carrot roots. Net (14)C concentration, however, was inversely related to sludge rate in carrot tops, fescue, and chile plants. Intact DEHP was not detected in plants by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis. Calculated plant DEHP concentrations based on measured net (14)C concentrations and DEHP specific activities) were generally correlated better with DEHP soil solution concentrations than with total DEHP soil concentrations. Net (14)C-DEHP bioconcentration factors were calculated from initial soil DEHP concentration and plant fresh weights. Bioconcentration factors ranged from 0.01 to 0.03 for fescue, lettuce, carrots, and chile, suggesting little DEHP uptake. Additionally, because intact DEHP was not detected in any plants, DEHP uptake by plants was of minor importance and would not limit sludge additions to the soils used to grow these crops. (Copyright (c) 1989, ASA, CSSA, SSSA.)