Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Source assessment, chemical and fertilizer mineral industry : state of the art /
Author Ochsner, J. C.,
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Blackwood, T. R.,
CORP Author Monsanto Research Corp., Dayton, Ohio.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, Edison, N.J.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Resource Extraction and Handling Division,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-600/2-78-004p; 68-02-1874; PB-285662; MRC-DA-773; EPA-68-02-1874
Stock Number 22161
OCLC Number 04232705
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Fertilizers--Mathematical models ; Air--Pollution ; Water--Pollution
Additional Subjects Nonmetalliferous minerals ; Fertilizers ; Chemical industry ; Environmental impacts ; Radioactive contaminants ; Air pollution ; Water pollution ; Barite ; Fluorite ; Borax ; Phosphate deposits ; Rock salt ; Sulfur ; Potash deposits ; Lithium ; Sodium sulfates ; Mining ; Trona ; Borates ; Phosphate deposits ; Beneficiation ; Mine waters ; Drainage ; Industrial wastes ; Brines ; Suspensions ; Slime ; Settling basins ; Industrial plants ; Phosphate industry ; Mineral industry
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA-600/2-78-004p c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/09/2014
EKBD  EPA-600/2-78-004p Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/11/2000
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA-600/2-78-004p Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 600-2-78-004P Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-285 662 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xv, 122 pages : illustrations, figures, tables ; 28 cm
Air and water pollutants are generated during the conversion of naturally occurring minerals into suitable forms for use in chemical and fertilizer production. These minerals are barite, borates, fluorspar, lithium minerals, mineral pigments, phosphate rock, potash, salt, sodium sulfate, sulfur, and trona ore. The representative plant size for each mineral, except borates, was determined by dividing the total annual production by the number of plants. (In the case of borates, one plant which accounts for over 75% of annual production was considered representative.) The hazard ratio for respirable particulates emitted from the representative source ranges from 0.00005 for sulfur to 0.9 for potash. Hazard ratios for water pollutants were developed only for the phosphate rock industry as it was the only industry for which complete information was available concerning river flow rate and concentration. For a representative source, the hazard ratios of elemental phosphorous, fluoride, and total suspended solids (TSS) are 0.061, 0.051, and 0.0025, respectively. The four significant wastewater problem areas in the mining and beneficiation of minerals in the chemical and fertilizer industry are mine water drainage, wastewater from the fluorspar industry, phosphate rock slimes, and sulfur bleedwater brines. The Florida phosphate rock slimes problem may well be the most important of all fertilizer production problems. Suspended solids are the principal pollutant in chemical and fertilizer wastewater discharges. While a variety of treatment technologies are available for removing suspended solids, only a small number are widely used.
"June 1978." EPA Contract No. Contract Number: 68-02-1874 Includes bibliographical references (pages 70-73).