Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Guidelines for the use of chemicals in removing hazardous substance discharges
Author Akers, C. K. ; Pilie, R. J. ; Michalovic, J. G.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Pilie, R. J.
Michalovic, J. G.
CORP Author Calspan Corp., Buffalo, NY.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA-600/2-81-205; EPA-68-03-2093; PB82107483
Stock Number PB82-107483
OCLC Number 09047579
Subjects Hazardous substances--Accidents ; Oil spills
Additional Subjects Hazardous materials ; Chemical compounds ; Water pollution control ; Byproducts ; Physical properties ; Mass ; Absorbents(Materials) ; Precipitation(Chemistry) ; Oxidation ; Thickeners(Materials) ; Neutralizers ; Chemical treatment ; Biological processes ; Land pollution
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD  EPA 600-2-81-205 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/23/1999
NTIS  PB82-107483 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vi, 75 p. : ill.
This report was undertaken to develop guidelines on the use of various chemical and biological agents to mitigate discharge of hazardous substances. Eight categories of mitigative agents and their potential uses in removing hazardous substances discharged on land and in waterways are discussed. The agents are classified as follows: (1) Mass Transfer Media; (2) Absorbents; (3) Thickening and Gelling Agents; (4) Biological Treatment Agents; (5) Dispersing Agents; (6) Precipitating Agents; (7) Neutralizing Agents; and (8) Oxidizing Agents. The classification of each agent is developed in terms of: (a) Characteristic properties of the mitigative agent; (b) Potential spill situations on which the agent could be used; (c) The effects on the environment caused by use of the agent; (d) Possible toxic side effects caused by byproduct formation; and (e) Recommendations for use of the agent. A countermeasure matrix that references various classes of mitigative agents recommended for treatment of hazardous substances involved in spills near or into a watercourse has been developed and includes a listing of hazardous chemicals, the corresponding EPA toxicity classification, and the physical properties of the chemical.
"References": p. 59-61.