Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Epidemiological Notes and Reports: Pentachlorophenol Poisoning in Newborn Infants.
CORP Author National Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Ga.
Year Published 1967
Stock Number PB-276 321
Additional Subjects Pesticides ; Fungicides ; Toxic diseases ; Infants ; Disinfectants ; Hospitals ; Signs and symptoms ; Blood chemical analysis ; Histology ; Pathology ; Diagnosis ; Laundries ; Absorption(Biology) ; Skin(Anatomy) ; Exposure ; Reprints ; Phenol/pentachloro ; Urinalysis ; Toxic substances
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-276 321 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 2p
From April to August 1967, nine cases of a clinically distinct illness characterized by fever and profuse sweating occurred in a small nursery for newborns in St. Louis, Missouri. Two of the cases were fatal. Only after the ninth case developed was it discovered that an antimildew agent, containing a high concentration of sodium pentachlorophenate (the sodium salt of pentachlorophenol), was being used in the hospital laundry. All of the clinical, epidemiological, and biochemical evidence indicated that this outbreak resulted from pentachlorophenol poisoning. The only identified mode of exposure was skin absorption of sodium pentachlorophenate residues on diapers and other fabrics, resulting from the misuse of the antimildew agent in the final laundry rinse.