Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Applying Economic Principles to Small Water Systems.
Author Clark, R. M. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Water Engineering Research Lab.
Year Published 1987
Report Number EPA/600/J-87/085;
Stock Number PB88-124532
Additional Subjects Water supply ; Economic factors ; Public utilities ; Water treatment ; Economic lot size ; Demand(Economics) ; Prices ; Reprints ; Water utilities ; Economies of scale ; Economic elasticity
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB88-124532 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 8p
As a discipline, economics is often misunderstood in the water supply field. Economies-of-scale, i.e., increasing unit costs with decreasing capacity, is a prevailing characteristic of water supply technology, and small utilities that serve fewer than 10,000 persons account for more than 80 percent of community water suppliers in the United States. In addition, many small utilities are privately owned and must request rate increases from public utility commissions. Price inelasticity of demand also has a special relevance for water users. An understanding of economic principles and concepts is necessary for the proper management of small water systems as well as large ones.