Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Multiplication of Clostribium Botulinum Type E in the Great Lakes - Case Study of Green Bay, Wisconsin.
Author Sugiyam, Hiroshi ;
CORP Author Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Water Resources Center.
Year Published 1971
Report Number DI-14-01-0001-3050 ;DI-14-01-0001-3250; OWRR-A-026-WIS; 03528,; A-026-WIS(1)
Stock Number PB-206 122
Additional Subjects ( Clostridium botulinum ; Great Lakes) ; ( Fishes ; Clostridium botulinum) ; ( Water pollution ; Clostridium botulinum) ; Seafood ; Food poisoning ; Ecology ; Aquatic plants ; Invertebrates ; Substrates ; Growth ; Anaerobic bacteria ; Anaerobic conditions ; Clostridium botulinum type E ; Green Bay(Wisconsin)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-206 122 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 25p
Green Bay was taken as the model to study the source of Clostridium botulinum type E which contaminates fish of the Great Lakes to create a botulism hazard. Certain bottom deposits held in the laboratory after a freeze-thaw treatment supported the growth of type E (50 or more fold increase in most probable numbers). Without the freeze treatment the specimens did not support growth. Productive samples always contained vegetation and were those collected during the warm months. When placed in columns to obtain depth, artificially induced anaerobic conditions were not needed. Emphasis is placed on the similarity of the type E data to the ecology of C. botulinum type C, the cause of western duck sickness. The primary substrate in which type E multiplies is believed to be the macro-invertebrates associated with the aquatic vegetation that grow in the shallow shore line of Green Bay. Laboratory data are interpreted in terms of the situation that could occur in nature. (Author)