Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Temperature Requirements of Some Percids and Adaptations to the Seasonal Temperature Cycle.
Author Hokanson., Kenneth E. F. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, Monticello, Minn.
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA/600/J-77/060;
Stock Number PB-276 241
Additional Subjects Fresh water fishes ; Perch ; Temperature ; Adaptation ; Reproduction(Biology) ; Life cycles ; Growth ; Seasonal variations ; Temperature gradients ; Animal migrations ; Seasonal variations ; Maturation ; Survival ; Canada ; Reprints ; Stizostedion vitreum ; Stizostedion canadense ; Perca flavescens ; Perca fluviatilis ; Stizostedin lucioperca ; Gymnocephalus cernua
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-276 241 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 29p
Temperature requirements are reviewed for three North American percids (walleye, Stizostedion vitreum; sauger, S. canadense; and yellow perch, Perca flavescens), three Eurasian percids (perch, P. fluviatilis; pikeperch, S. lucioperca; and ruffe, Gymnocephalus cernua), and nine cohabitant fish species for comparison. Whole-organism responses are described for each species--primarily concerning reproduction, growth, survival, and activity. The percids are classified as temperature mesotherms and hey are arranged in order of their thermal requirements as follows: pikeperch perches and ruffe sauger walleye. Perca and Stizostedion spp. are annual spawners with synchronous oocyte growth during fall through winter, culminating in spring spawning. Maturation occurs below 12(C). Spawning occurs from late February to early July at 2-26(C) over their geographic ranges. Oocyte growth of ruffe is asynchronous, accelerated by warm temperatures; batch spawning occurs over a prolonged period, from mid-April through July at 11-18(C). Physiological optima range from 22(C) for sauger and walleye to 25(C) for perch and 27(C) for pikeperch. The ultimate upper incipient lethal temperatures of percids range from 29 to 35(C), depending on species and experimental conditions.