Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Investigation of selected potential environmental contaminants : formaldehyde : final report /
Author Kitchens, Judith F.
CORP Author United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Toxic Substances.; Atlantic Research Corporation.
Publisher Atlantic Research Corp. ; Reproduced and distributed by National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-560/2-76-009; 49-5681; EPA-68-01-1955
Stock Number PB-256 839
OCLC Number 03775354
Subjects Formaldehyde--Toxicology
Additional Subjects Formaldehyde--Toxicology ; Pollution ; Environmental surveys ; Toxicology ; Water pollution ; Hexamethylenetetramine ; Polymers ; Chemical properties ; Materials handlings ; Public health ; Manufacturing ; Combustion products ; Storage ; Sources ; Monitoring ; Chemical analysis ; Microorganisms ; Humans ; Birds ; Plants(Botany) ; Carcinogens ; Animals ; Reviews ; Industrial hygiene ; Physiological effects ; Aldehyde polymers ; Air pollution ; Oxygen heterocyclic compounds ; Regulations ; Law enforcement ; Photochemistry ; Waste disposal ; Industrial wastes ; Exhaust emissions ; Degradation ; Point sources ; Nonpoint sources ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Air pollution effects(Animals) ; Air pollution effects(Plants) ; Trioxanes ; Occupational safety and health
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 560-2-76-009 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 09/22/2014
EKBD  EPA-560/2-76-009 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 05/10/1997
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 560-2-76-009 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023 DISPERSAL
ERAD  EPA 560/2-76-009 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 05/30/2012
ESAD  EPA 560-2-76-009 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-256 839 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation viii, 204 pages : illustrations, map ; 28 cm
This report reviews the potential environmental hazards of formaldehyde resulting from its manufacture, use, production from combustion processes and inadvertent production in the environment. Nascent sources of formaldehyde, such as paraformaldehyde, trioxane and hexamethylenetetramine, are also reviewed. The major source of atmospheric discharge of formaldehyde is combustion processes, specifically from automobile emissions. Formaldehyde is also a product of atmospheric photooxidation of hydrocarbons emitted from automobiles. Photochemical degradation of formaldehyde also occurs in the atmosphere. Formaldehyde is a mutagen is lower animals such as Drosophila and bacteria. This property is the basis of its use as a fumigant. Even though formaldehyde is a strong alkylating agent, information to date indicates that it is not mutagenic or carcinogenic in mammals, probably due to the mammalian body's ability to repair this type of nucleic acid damage. Formaldehyde is an allergen. It is also highly toxic in low concentrations causing eye and lung damage and affecting the central nervous system. However, formaldehyde is also a metabolite in biological systems and can be efficiently metabolized to formic acid, carbon dioxide and water, or utilized in the one carbon pool.
Prepared for the Office of Toxic Substances, Environmental Protection Agency. Report no. EPA 560/2-76-009. "PB 256 839." Includes bibliographical references (pages 183-204).