Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Pyrogenic activity of carbon-filtered waters /
Author Wolf, Harold W.,
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Camp, Bennie Joe,
Hawkins, Scott J.,
Jorgensen, James H.,
Wolf, Harold W.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Health Effects Research Laboratory, For sale by the National Technical Information Service.
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-600/1-79-009; EPA-R-804420
Stock Number PB 293 172
OCLC Number 04828571
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Water--Purification--Filtration ; Pyrogens ; Endotoxins
Additional Subjects Water treatment ; Activated carbon ; Pyrogens ; Potable water ; Filtration ; Samples ; Comparison ; Organic compounds ; Biochemical oxygen demand ; Disinfection ; Adsorption ; Public health ; Lipopolysaccharides ; Chemical oxygen demand ; Endotoxins ; Toxic substances ; Drinking water
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-1-79-009 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/30/2012
EJBD  EPA 600-1-79-009 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/18/2014
ELBD RPS EPA 600-1-79-009 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 03/12/2019
NTIS  PB-293 172 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation ix, 113 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The endotoxin content and pyrogenic response of granular activated carbon (GAC) filtered waters were studied. GAC-filtered secondary effluent from an activated sludge pilot plant contained free endotoxins in the range 6-250 micrograms/l yielding positive pyrogenic responses in 18 of 20 trials. Samples obtained from 27 different water supplies in the U.S. that utilize GAC adsorption contained free endotoxin ranging from 1.2-25 micrograms/l but none gave a pyrogenic response. No relationship was discernible between endotoxin content and pyrogenic response. Small removals of total organic carbon (TOC) by GAC beds which had been in operation in water treatment plants without regeneration for as long as 110 months were observed. However, 5 of 28 samples showed an increase in TOC through GAC and 8 of 28 samples showed an increase in standard plate count. One of 25 samples yielded pseudomonads, but none of the 28 samples contained coliforms. Good correlations were observed on non-disinfected AWT effluent samples between standard plate count and total endotoxin (r = 0.945), standard plate count and free endotoxin (r = 0.932), and total coliforms and free endotoxin (r = 0.939). Lack of good correlations, however, were observed in assaying AWT samples that had been subject to the disinfecting procedures of chlorination, ozonation, pH or UV irradiation.
Grant no. R-804420. Feb. 1979. Includes bibliographical references.