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Main Title Treatment of acid mine drainage by the alumina-lima-soda process /
Author Nebgen, J. W. ; Weatherman, D. F. ; Valentine, M. ; Shea., E. P.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Nebgen, John William.
CORP Author Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, Mo.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio. Office of Research and Development.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; Available through the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/2-76-206; EPA-S-802816; PB259930
Stock Number PB-259 930
OCLC Number 02920283
Subjects Acid mine drainage
Additional Subjects Mine waters ; Water treatment ; Water pollution control ; Calcium hydroxides ; Mines(Excavations) ; Demineralizing ; Iron alloys ; Potable water ; Aluminum oxide ; Operating costs ; pH ; Water softening ; Tables(Data) ; Pennsylvania ; Mine acid drainage ; Hollywood(Pennsylvania) ; Sodium aluminates
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-76-206 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 07/21/2014
EJBD  EPA 600-2-76-206 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 10/31/2016
ERAD  EPA 600/2-76-206 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/17/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-2-76-206 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-259 930 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation x, 95 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The alumina-lime-soda process is a chemical desalination process for waters in which the principal sources of salinity are sulfate salts and has been field tested at the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania's Acid Mine Drainage Research Facility, Hollywood, Pennsylvania, as a method to recover potable water from acid mine drainage. The alumina-lime-soda process involves two treatment stages. Raw water is reacted with sodium aluminate and lime in the first stage to precipitate dissolved sulfate as calcium sulfoaluminate. In the second stage, the alkaline water (pH = 12.0) recovered from the first stage is carbonated to precipitate excess hardness. Following carbonation, product water meets USPHS specifications for drinking water. Alumina-lime-soda process economics are influenced most by the cost of sodium aluminate.
Includes bibliographical references (page 94).