Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Chemically active fluid-bed process for sulphur removal during gasification of heavy fuel oil : second phase /
Author Craig, J. W. T. ; Johnes, G. L. ; Kowszun, Z. ; Moss, G. ; Taylor., J. H.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Johnes, G. L.
Kowszun, Z.
CORP Author Esso Research Centre, Abingdon (England).;National Environmental Research Center, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Control Systems Lab.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Control Systems Laboratory,
Year Published 1974
Report Number EPA 650/2-74/109; EPA-68-02-0300
Stock Number PB-240 632
OCLC Number 39154697
Subjects Coal--Desulfurization ; Fluidization ; Petroleum--Refining--Desulfurization ; Coal--Desulphurization ; Petroleum--Refining--Desulphurization
Additional Subjects Fluidized bed processors ; Desulfurization ; Fuel oil ; Gasification ; Air pollution control ; Limestone ; Pilot plants ; Cost estimates ; Manufactured gas ; Heavy oils ; Electric power plants ; Sulfur dioxide ; Performance evaluation ; Chemically active fluid bed process
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA-650-2-74-109 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 650-2-74-109 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/28/2022
ESAD  EPA 650-2-74-109 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 10/10/2003
NTIS  PB-240 632 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation x, 589 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
The Chemically Active Fluid Bed process is a means of avoiding sulphur oxide pollution while using heavy fuel oil for production of power. The process uses a fluidised bed of lime particles to convert the oil into a hot, low sulphur gas ready for combustion in an adjacent boiler. Sulphur from the fuel is absorbed by the lime which can be regenerated for reuse. During lime regeneration the sulphur is liberated as a concentrated stream of SO2 which may be converted to acid or elemental sulphur. The report describes the second phase of studies on the chemically active fluid-bed (CAFB) process for desulfurizing gasification of heavy fuel oil in a bed of hot lime. The first continuous pilot plant test with U.S. limestone BCR 1691 experienced local stone sintering and severe production of sticky dust during startup. Batch tests confirmed that BCR 1691 produced more dust than the purer Denbighshire or U.S. BCR 1359 stones. With BCR 1691, 10 times more dust was produced during kerosene combustion at 870C than during gasification/regeneration. The continuous pilot plant was modified to improve operability under dusty conditions.
"EPA-650/2-74-109." EPA contract no. 68-02-0300, ROAP no. 21ADD-BE, program element no. 1ABO13. EPA project officer: S.L. Rakes. Includes bibliographical references (page 120).