Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Chemically active fluid-bed process for sulphur removal during gasification of heavy fuel oil : (third phase) /
Author Craig, J. W. E., ; Craig, J. W. T. ; Johnes, G. L. ; Kowszun, Z. ; Lyon, D. ; Malkin., L. S.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Craig, J. W. E.
CORP Author Esso Research Centre, Abingdon (England).;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA 600-2-76-248; EPA-68-02-1359; EPA-ROAP-21ADD-BE
Stock Number 22161
OCLC Number 03853883
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Petroleum as fuel ; Petroleum--Refining--Desulfurization
Additional Subjects Fluidized bed processors ; Desulfurization ; Fuel oil ; Air pollution control ; Gasification ; Electric power plants ; Limestone ; Calcium oxides ; Performance evaluation ; Manufactured gas ; Pilot plants ; Sulfur oxides ; Process charting ; Tables(Data) ; Sampling ; Chemically active fluid bed process
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKBD  EPA-600/2-76-248 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 06/20/2003
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-76-248 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD RPS EPA 600-2-76-248 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 02/24/2020
ESAD  EPA 600-2-76-248 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-268 492 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xi, 596 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The report describes the third phase of studies on the CAFB process for desulfurization/gasification of heavy fuel oil in a bed of hot lime. Major conclusions relating to process performance and operability are: (1) water, either in the fuel or in the fluidizing air, has a strongly adverse effect on desulfurizing efficiency; (2) good desulfurizing efficiencies are obtainable at very low stone replacement rates; (3) process performance can be expressed as a statistically derived equation; (4) a burnback burner is feasible for coke removal; (5) SO2/stone disposal by sulfation is not feasible, but dead-burning looks promising; and (6) most trace elements are retained in the bed. Among tasks included in this phase were: (1) batch reactor evaluation of three limestones and gasification/desulfurization of a vacuum bottoms fuel; (2) two pilot plant runs using deep beds and demonstrating improved operational techniques; (3) development of a statistical method for analyzing results of the two pilot plant test runs and reconciling them with earlier results; (4) sulfation of bed material as a means of disposing of SO2 and spent lime; (5) dead-burning as a means of treating spent bed material prior to disposal; (6) retention of the bed material of a wide range of trace elements contained in the fuel; and (7) demonstration of a burn-back burner to overcome coke lay-down in cyclone inlets.
Prepared under contract no. 68-02-1359, ROAP no. 21ADD-BE, program element no. 1ABO13. Issued Sept. 1976. Includes bibliographical references.