Office of Research and Development Publications

Records 1 to 81 of 81

Brinkman, N., Shay Fout, AND S. Keely. Retrospective Surveillance of Wastewater To Examine Seasonal Dynamics of Enterovirus Infections. mSphere. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, 2(3):e00099-17, (2017).
Fout, Shay. Virus and indicator relationships in groundwater. The Role of Water Quality in Food Safety: Does Water Matter, Webinar, Webinar, April 30, 2018.
Augustine, S., K. Simmons, T. Eason, C. Curioso, S. Griffin, Tim Wade, A. Dufour, Shay Fout, A. Grimm, K. Oshima, E. Sams, MaryJean See, AND L. Wymer. Immunoprevalence to Six Waterborne Pathogens in Beachgoers at Boquerón Beach, Puerto Rico: Application of a Microsphere-Based Salivary Antibody Multiplex Immunoassay. Frontiers in Public Health. Frontiers, Lausanne, Switzerland, 5(84):1-11, (2017).
Varughese, E., N. Brinkman, E. Anneken, J. Cashdollar, Shay Fout, E. Furlong, D. Kolpin, S. Glassmeyer, AND S. Keely. Estimating virus occurrence using Bayesian modeling in multiple drinking water systems of the United States. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. Elsevier BV, AMSTERDAM, Netherlands, 619620:1330-1339, (2018).
Fout, Shay AND J. Cashdollar. EPA Method 1615. Measurement of Enterovirus and Norovirus Occurrence in Water by Culture and RT-qPCR. II. Total Culturable Virus Assay. Journal of Visualized Experiments . JoVE, Somerville, MA, 115:e52437, (2016).
Griffin, S., A. Egorov, Tim Wade, S. Augustine, Shay Fout, AND K. Oshima. Salivary immunoassays to investigate potential exposure to microbial contaminants from drinking water in rural Puerto Rico: an update. Inter American University of Puerto Rico (IAUPR) biennial symposium, Bayamon, PUERTO RICO, February 12, 2017.
Fout, Shay AND S. Parshionikar. Enterovirus and Norovirus Monitoring under UCMR3. 13th Annual U.S. EPA Drinking Water Workshop - Small Drinking Water Systems: Challenges and Solution, Cincinnati, OH, August 23 - 25, 2016.
Fout, Shay, J. Cashdollar, S. Griffin, N. Brinkman, E. Varughese, AND S. Parshionikar. EPA Method 1615. Measurement of Enterovirus and Norovirus Occurrence in Water by Culture and RT-qPCR. Part III. Virus Detection by RT-qPCR. Journal of Visualized Experiments . JoVE, Somerville, MA, 107:e52646, (2016).
Augustine, S., K. Simmons, T. Eason, S. Griffin, C. Curioso, L. Wymer, Shay Fout, A. Grimm, K. Oshima, AND A. Dufour. Statistical approaches to developing a multiplex immunoassay for determining human exposure to environmental pathogens. JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGICAL METHODS. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 425(10):1-9, (2015).
Fout, G S. VIRUS CONCENTRATION FROM ENVIRONMENTAL WATERS USING POSITIVELY CHARGED 1MDS CARTRIDGE FILTERS AND ORGANIC FLOCCULATION OF BEEF EXTRACT ELUATES. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/4-84/013, 2000.
Karim, M., Shay Fout, C. Johnson, K. White, AND S. Parshionikar. Propidium monoazide reverse transcription PCR and RT-qPCR for detecting infectious enterovirus and norovirus. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGICAL METHODS. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 219(7):51-61, (2015).
Fout, G S., F W. Schaefer III, J W. Messer, D R. Dahling, AND R E. Stetler. ICR MICROBIAL MANUAL. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-95/178, 1996.
Fout, Shay, N. Brinkman, J. Cashdollar, S. Griffin, A. Korajkic, B. McMinn, E. Varughese, M. Ware, E. Rhodes, A. Grimm, AND C. Li. Comparison of EPA Method 1615 RT-qPCR Assays in Standard and Kit Format. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-15/130, 2015.
Fout, Shay, N. Brinkman, J. Cashdollar, S. Griffin, B. McMinn, E. Rhodes, E. Varughese, M. Karim, A. Grimm, S. Spencer, AND M. Borchardt. Method 1615 Measurement of Enterovirus and Norovirus Occurrence in Water by Culture and RT-qPCR. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, 2014.
Parshionikar, S., I. Laseke, AND Shay Fout. Use of propidium monoazide in reverse transcriptase PCR to distinguish between infectious and noninfectious enteric viruses in water samples. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, 76(13):4318-4326, (2010).
Korajkic, A., B. McMinn, O. Shanks, Mano Sivaganesan, Shay Fout, AND N. Ashbolt. Biotic interactions and sunlight affect persistence of fecal indicator bacteria and microbial source tracking genetic markers in the Upper Mississippi River. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, 80(13):3952-3961, (2014).
Griffin, S., N. Brinkman, E. Hedrick, E. Rhodes, AND Shay Fout. Comparison of nucleic acid extraction and reverse transcription-qPCR approaches for detection of GI and GII noroviruses in drinking water. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGICAL METHODS. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 199:76-85, (2014).
Korajkic, A., B. McMinn, V. Harwood, O. Shanks, Shay Fout, AND N. ASHBOLT. Differential decay of Enterococci and Escherichia coli originating from two fecal pollution sources. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, 79(7):2488-2492, (2013).
FOUT, G., N. BRINKMAN, J. CASHDOLLAR, S. GRIFFIN, B. MCMINN, E. RHODES, E. VARUGHESE, M. Karim, A. GRIMM, S. A. Spencer, AND M. A. Borchardt. Method 1615: Measurement of Enterovirus and Norovirus Occurrence in Water by Culture and RT-qPCR. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, 2012.
Parshionikar, S., J L. Cashdollar, AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF HOMOLOGOUS VIRAL INTERNAL CONTROLS FOR USE IN RT-PCR ASSAYS OF WATERBORNE ENTERIC VIRUSES. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGICAL METHODS 121(1):39-48, (2004).
Altmar, R. L., F. H. Neill, C. M. Woodley, R. Manger, G S. Fout, W. Burkhardt, L. Leja, E. R. McGovern, F. Le Guyader, T. G. Metcalf, AND M. K. Estes. Collaborative evaluation of a method for the detection of Norwalk virus in shellfish tissues by PCR. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, 62(1):254-258, (1996).
Ijzerman, M. M., D R. Dahling, AND G S. Fout. A method to remove environmental inhibitors prior to the detection of waterborne enteric viruses by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction - journal article. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGICAL METHODS. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 63:145-153, (1997).
Cashdollar, J., N. Brinkman, S. Griffin, B. Mcminn, E. Rhodes, E. Varughese, A. Grimm, S. Parshionikar, L. Wymer, AND Shay Fout. Development and Evaluation of EPA Method 1615 for Detection of Enterovirus and Norovirus in Water. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, 79(1):215-223, (2013).
GRIFFIN, S., I. M. Chen, G. FOUT, T. J. WADE, AND A. EGOROV. Development of a multiplex microsphere immunoassay for the quantitation of salivary antibody responses to selected waterborne pathogens. JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGICAL METHODS. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 384(1-2):83-93, (2011).
McKay, L. D., T. B. Johnson, A. C. Layton, S. W. Jones, G. C. Johnson, J. CASHDOLLAR, D. R. DAHLING, L. F. VILLEGAS, G. FOUT, D. E. Williams, AND G. Sayler. Viruses and Bacteria in Karst and Fractured Rock Aquifers in East Tennessee, USA. GROUND WATER. National Ground Water Association, Westerville, OH, 49(1):98-1110, (2011).
MCMINN, B., J. CASHDOLLAR, A. GRIMM, AND G. FOUT. Evaluation of the celite secondary concentration procedure and an alternate elution buffer for the recovery of enteric adenoviruses 40 and 41. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGICAL METHODS. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 179(2):423-428, (2012).
FOUT, G. Viruses in U.S. Ground Waters: Hydrogeological and Methodological Data Gaps. Presented at EPA Symposium on Groundwater-Borne Infectious Disease, Etiological Agents and Indicators , Washington, DC, December 02 - 04, 2008.
RHODES, E., B. MCMINN, N. BRINKMAN, J. CASHDOLLAR, AND G. FOUT. PRELIMINARY COMPARATIVE STUDY OF METHODS TO EXTRACT VIRUS FROM RAW AND PROCESSED SEWAGE SLUDGES. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/R-07/118, 2007.
FOUT, G., N. BRINKMAN, M. Karim, E. RHODES, A. EGOROV, AND S. L. BARTELT-HUNT. Methods for Measuring Occurrence and Exposure From Viruses in Drinking and Recreational Water. Presented at Future Develiopment Director for Safe Drinking Water Management International Seminar, Incheon, SOUTH KOREA, March 25, 2008.
FOUT, G. AND N. BRINKMAN. Evaluation of a Microarray for Genotyping Noroviruses. Presented at Third International Calcivirus Conference, Cancun, MEXICO, November 10 - 13, 2007.
Karim, M., E. RHODES, N. BRINKMAN, L. J. WYMER, AND G. FOUT. A New Electropositive Filter for Concentrating Enterovirus and Norovirus from Large Volumes of Water - MCEARD. Presented at ASM Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, June 01 - 05, 2008.
FOUT, G. LABORATORY ANALYSES: WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES. Presented at Workshop for Improving the Recognition, Investigation, and Reporting of Waterborne Disease Outbreaks Associated with Drinking, Recreational and Other Waters, Nashville, TN, May 27 - June 01, 2007.
FOUT, G. ORD'S RESEARCH ON PATHOGENS IN BIOSOLIDS. Presented at Water Environmental Federal Pacific Southwest Organics Residuals Symposium, Sacramento, CA, July 12 - 14, 2006.
Grimm, A C., J L. Cashdollar, F P. Williams, AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF A MOLECULAR METHOD TO IDENTIFY ASTROVIRUS IN WATER. Presented at Science and Mission Club, Cincinnati, OH, June 4, 2003.
WillianTrue, S., S. Parshionikar, C Newport, D. Robbins, AND G S. Fout. DETECTION OF OUTBREAK-ASSOCIATED HUMAN CALICIVIRUSES IN GROUNDWATER BY RT-PCR. Presented at American Society for Virology Annual Meeting, Lexington, KY, July 20-24, 2002.
Fout, G S. THE APPLICATION OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES TO VIRUS DETECTION IN WATER. Presented at Science Forum 2003, Washington, DC, May 5-7, 2003.
Shoemaker, J A., J. M. Talley, D R. Dahling, AND G S. Fout. THE DISCOVERY OF BIOMARKERS OF VIRAL INFECTIVITY BY MASS SPECTROMETRY. Presented at Science Forum 2003, Washington, DC, May 5-7, 2003.
Grimm, A C., G S. Fout, J L. Cashdollar, AND F P. Williams. DEVELOPMENT OF A MOLECULAR METHOD TO DETECT ASTROVIRUS. Presented at American Society for Virology Annual Meeting, Davis, CA, July 12-16, 2003.
Grimm, A C., J L. Cashdollar, F P. Williams, AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF A MOLECULAR METHOD TO IDENTIFY ASTROVIRUS IN WATER. Presented at USEPA Microorganisms in Drinking Water Workshop, Cincinnati, OH, August 5-7, 2003.
Parshionikar, S. AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF VIRAL INTERNAL CONTROLS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF INHIBITOR REMOVAL FROM ENVIRONMENTAL WATER SAMPLES. Presented at 21st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Virology, Salt Lake City, UT, May 19-23, 2002.
Fout, G S. EPA METHODS FOR VIRUS DETECTION IN WATER. Presented at University of Surrey - Site Visit, Guildford, UK, March 28, 2003.
Fout, G S. THE KEY VIRAL PLAYERS. Presented at EPA Workshop for Development of Protocols for Reliable Genetic Methods for Viruses for Use in EPA's Drinking Water Program, Cincinnati, OH, January 15-16, 2003.
Seys, S. A., H. M. Mainzer, A. G. Heryford, A. D. Anderson, G S. Fout, J. P. Sarisky, V. Musgrave, AND K. J. Musgrave. COORDINATING ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE WITH EPIDEMIOLOGY AND LABORATORY ANALYSIS: A WATERBORNE OUTBREAK OF SNOW MOUNTAIN VIRUS IN THE BIG HORN MOUNTAINS OF WYOMING. Presented at International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, GA, March 24-27, 2002.
Ruecker, N. J., J. Lawrence, H. G. Peterson, G S. Fout, G. Appleyard, AND N. Christofi. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ENTERIC VIRUSES AND WATERBORNE ILLNESS. Presented at 10th National Conference and 1st Policy Forum on Drinking Water, Halifax, Nova Scotia, April 27-30, 2002.
Ruecker, N. J., G S. Fout, H. G. Peterson, S. Watson, J. Lawrence, G. Appleyard, AND N. Christofi. THE USE OF RT-PCR FOR THE DETECTION OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN PRAIRIE SURFACE DRINKING WATER SUPPLIES. Presented at 37th central Canadian Symposium on Water Pollution Research, Burlington, Ontario, February 4-5, 2002.
Seys, S. A., H. M. Mainzer, A. G. Heryford, A. D. Anderson, S. S. Monroe, G S. Fout, J. P. Sarisky, AND K. J. Musgrave. COORDINATING SYSTEMS-BASED ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE WITH EPIDEMIOLOGY AND LABORATORY ANALYSIS: A WATERBORNE OUTBREAK OF NORWALK-LIKE VIRUS IN THE BIG HORN MOUNTAINS OF WYOMING. Presented at American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, November 9-13, 2002.
Fout, G S. DETECTION BY PCR OF HUMAN ENTERIC VIRUSES CONCENTRATED FROM LARGE VOLUMES OF WATER. Presented at EPA Workshop for Development of Protocols for Reliable Genetic Methods for Viruses for Use in EPA's Drinking Water Program, Cincinnati, OH, January 15-16, 2003.
Grimm, A C., C Newport, AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF MOLECULAR METHODS TO DETECT EMERGING VIRUSES. Presented at ORD/Regional Training Workshop on "Emerging Issues" Associated with Aquatic Enviornmental Pathogens, Ft. Meade, MD, September 5-7, 2001.
Cashdollar, J L., S. Parshionikar, C Newport, S. WillianTrue, D R. Dahling, AND G S. Fout. METHODS USED TO ANALYZE A NOROVIRUS OUTBREAK. Presented at USEPA's Research on Micoorganisms in Drinking Water, Cincinnati, OH, August 5-7, 2003.
Cashdollar, J L., D R. Dahling, AND G S. Fout. AN ALTERNATIVE ELUENT TO BEEF EXTRACT FOR ELUTING POLIOVIRUS FROM ELECTROPOSITIVE FILTERS. Presented at 101st General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Orlando, FL, May 20-24, 2001.
Talley, J. M., J A. Shoemaker, AND G S. Fout. STRAIN DIFFERENTIATION AND DETERMINATION OF CAPSID PROTEINS OF COXSACKIEVIRUS BY MALDI-MS. Presented at American Society for Mass Spectrometry, Orlando, FL, June 02 - 06, 2002.
Fout, G S. OCCURRENCE OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN WATERS. Presented at Safe Drinking Water Meeting, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, May 4-12, 2001.
Grimm, A C. AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF A MOLECULAR METHOD TO IDENTIFY HEPATITIS E VIRUS. Presented at American Society for Virology, Ft. Collins, CO, July 8-12, 2000.
Fout, G S. OCCURRENCE OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN SURFACE WATERS. Presented at USGS Workshop "Building Capabilities for Monitoring & Assessment of Public Health Microbiology, Columbus, OH, March 14-16, 2000.
Fout, G S. QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR METHODS TO DETECT HUMAN ENTERIC VIRUSES IN DRINKING WATER. Presented at Symposium on Viruses in Drinking Water, Seoul, Korea, October 6-14, 2000.
Grimm, A C. AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF A MOLECULAR METHOD TO IDENTIFY THE MERGING PATHOGEN HEPATITIS E IN WATER SAMPLES. Presented at Fifthteenth Annual Scientific Symposium of the Ohio River Basin Consortium for Research and Education, Cincinnati, OH, October 20-22, 1999.
Fout, G S. QUALITY CONTROLS FOR PCR. Presented at Water Quality Technology Conference, Philadelphia, PA, November 2-5, 2003.
Parshionikar, S., J L. Cashdollar, AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIPLEX RT-PCR FOR THE DETECTION OF REOVIRUS, HEPATITIS A VIRUS, POLIOVIRUS, NORWALK VIRUS AND ROTAVIRUS. Presented at Annual Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, New Orleans, LA, May 23-27, 2004.
Baldwin, T., A. C. Layton, L. D. McKay, S. Jones, V. Garrett, G. Johnson, AND G S. Fout. QUANTIFICATION OF ENTEROVIRUS AND HEPATITIS A VIRUSES IN WELLS AND SPRINGS IN EAST TENNESSEE USING REAL-TIME REVERSE TRANSCIPTION PCR. Presented at 4th International Groundwater Quality Conference, Ontario, Canada, July 19-22, 2004.
Fout, G S., A C. Grimm, D R. Dahling, J L. Cashdollar, C Newport, S. Parshionikar, AND S. WillianTrue. RAPID VIRUS DETECTION IN WATER. Presented at Science Forum 2003, Washington, DC, May 5-7, 2003.
BRINKMAN, N. AND G. FOUT. EVALUATION OF A GENERIC ARRAY APPROACH FOR GENOTYPING NOROVIRUSES. Presented at 106th General Meeting of the American Society of Microbiology, Orlando, FL, May 21 - 25, 2006.
VILLEGAS, L. F. AND G. FOUT. AN INTEGRATED CELL CULTURE/RT-PCR METHOD FOR DETECTING ENTEROVIRUS IN WATER. Presented at American Society for Microbiology 106th General Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 21 - 25, 2006.
FOUT, G. BIOMARKERS OF VIRAL EXPOSURE. Presented at Biosolids Exposure Workshop, Cincinnati, OH, March 17, 2006.
FOUT, G. PROGRESS IN STANDARDIZATION AND VALIDATING THE 503 APPROVED MICROBIOLOGICAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS - ENTERIC VIRUSES. Presented at WEF Residuals and Biosolids Management Conference, Covington, KY, March 12, 2006.
SMITH, J. E., B. ACQUISTO, M. C. MECKES, D. S. BROWN, G. FOUT, R. BASTIAN, S. SCHAUB, AND F. W. SCHAEFER. PATHOGEN EQUIVALENCY COMMITTEE (MCEARD). Presented at WSWRD/NRMRL BOSC Review, Cincinnati, OH, January 25 - 27, 2006.
FOUT, G. RECOVERY AND ASSAY OF VIRUSES FROM BIOSOLIDS. Presented at Pathogen Equivalency Committee Retreat, College Corner, OH, September 20 - 21, 2005.
CASHDOLLAR, J., G. FOUT, D. R. DAHLING, AND S. PARSHIONIKAR. A COLLABORATIVE EFFORT TO IDENTIFY THE CAUSATIVE AGENT OF TWO WATERBORNE OUTBREAKS OF GASTROENTERITIS IN WYOMING. Presented at 2005 EPA Science Forum, Washington, DC, May 16 - 18, 2005.
FOHL, L. AND G. FOUT. DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED CELL CULTURE/RT-PCR METHOD FOR THE DETECTION OF ENTEROVIRUS IN WATER. Presented at US EPA Post-doc Poster Session, Cincinnati, OH, March 30, 2005.
FRANCY, D. S., R. N. BUSHON, E. J. LUZANO, AND G. FOUT. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND CHEMICAL AND MICROBIOLOGICAL CONSTITUENTS RELATED TO THE PRESENECE OF VIRUSES IN GROUND WATER FROM SMALL PUBLIC WATER SUPPLIES IN SOUTHEASTERN MICHIGAN. Presented at Major Accomplishments and Future Directions in Public Health Microbiology Workshop, Columbus, OH, February 15 - 18, 2005.
FOUT, G. QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR PCR. Presented at Major Accomplishments and Future Directions in Public Health Microbiology Workshop, Columbus, OH, February 15 - 18, 2005.
FRANCY, D. S., R. N. BUSHON, E. J. LUZANO, E. BERTKE, AND G. FOUT. VIRAL PATHOGENS AND MICROBIOLOGICAL INDICATORS IN GROUND WATER FROM SMALL PUBLIC WATER SUPPLIES IN SOUTHEASTERN MICHIGAN. Presented at American Society for Microbiology Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, June 05 - 09, 2005.
Grimm, A C., J L. Cashdollar, F P. Williams, AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF AN ASTROVIRUS RT-PCR DETECTION ASSAY FOR USE WITH CONVENTIONAL, REAL-TIME, AND INTEGRATED CELL CULTURE/RT-PCR. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY 50(4):269-278, (2004).
Fout, G S., D R. Dahling, AND R S. Safferman. CONCENTRATION AND PROCESSING OF WATERBORNE VIRUSES BY POSITIVE CHARGE 1MDS CARTRIDGE FILTERS AND ORGANIC FLOCCULATION. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/4-84/013 (N14), 2001.
Parshionikar, S., S. WillianTrue, G S. Fout, D. Robbins, S. A. Seys, J. D. Cassady, AND R. Harris. WATERBORNE OUTBREAK OF GASTROENTERITIS ASSOCIATED WITH A NOROVIRUS. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY 69(9):5263-5268, (2003).
Anderson, A. D., A. G. Heryford, J. P. Sarisky, C. Higgins, S. S. Monroe, S. R. Beard, C Newport, J L. Cashdollar, G S. Fout, D. Robbins, S. A. Seys, K. J. Musgrave, J. Bartkus, J. Vinje, J. S. Bresee, H. M. Mainzer, AND R. Glass. A WATERBORNE OUTBREAK OF NORWALK-LIKE VIRUS AMONG SNOWMOBILERS - WYOMING, 2001. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES 187(2):303-306, (2003).
Fout, G S., B C. Martinson, M. N. Moyer, D R. Dahling, AND L J. Wymer. A MULTIPLEX REVERSE TRANSCIPTION-PCR METHOD FOR DETECTION OF HUMAN ENTERIC VIRUSES IN GROUNDWATER. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY 69(6):3158-3164, (2003).
Grimm, A C. AND G S. Fout. DEVELOPMENT OF A MOLECULAR METHOD TO IDENTIFY HEPATITIS E VIRUS IN WATER. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGICAL METHODS 101(2):175-188, (2002).
Fout, G S., D R. Dahling, AND R S. Safferman. TOTAL CULTURABLE VIRUS QUANTAL ASSAY. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/4-84/013, 2001.
FRANCY, D. S., R. N. BUSHON, J. STOPAR, E. J. LUZANO, AND G. FOUT. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND CHEMICAL AND MICROBIOLOGICAL WATER QUALITY CONSTITUTENTS RELATED TO THE PRESENCE OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN GROUND WATER FROM SMALL PUBLIC WATER SUPPLIES IN SOUTHEASTERN MICHIGAN. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, 2004.
DenisMize, K., G S. Fout, D R. Dahling, AND D. S. Francy. DETECTION OF HUMAN ENTERIC VIRUSES IN STREAM WATER WITH RT-PCR AND CELL CULTURE. JOURNAL OF WATER AND HEALTH 2(1):37-47, (2004).
Lye, D J., G S. Fout, S. R. Crout, R. Danielson, C. L. Thio, AND C. M. PaszkoKolva. SURVEY OF GROUND, SURFACE, AND POTABLE WATERS FOR THE PRESENCE OF LEGIONELLA SPECIES BY ENVIROAMP PCR LEGIONELLA KIT, CULTURE AND IMMUNOFLUORESCENT STAINING. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH 31(2):287-293, (1996).