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Main Title Industrial wastewater reclamation with a 400,000-gallon-per-day vertical tube evaporator /
Author Lang, William C. ; Crozier, John H. ; Drace, Frank P. ; Pearson., Keith H.
CORP Author General Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, Ohio.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, Ohio.
Publisher Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/2-76-260; EPA-12020-GUT
Stock Number PB-265 361
OCLC Number 36533648
Subjects Water reuse ; Evaporators
Additional Subjects Water reclamation ; Water pollution control ; Rubber industry ; Chemical removal(Water treatment) ; Recycling ; Evaporators ; Industrial waste treatment ; Performance evaluation ; Design criteria ; Corrosion prevention ; Fouling ; Manufacturing ; Byproducts ; Brines ; Cost estimates ; Process charting ; Chlorination ; Oxidation ; Biocides ; Verticle tube evaporation ; Waste water reuse ; Styrene butadiene resins
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 600-2-76-260 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/31/2014
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-76-260 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 600-2-76-260 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-265 361 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation viii, 90 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Abstract A vertical tube evaporator (VTE) was built to recover water from a synthetic rubber manufacturing plant wastewater stream containing 3,500 ppm dissolved solids, mostly chlorides and sulfates, and organics in excess of 100 ppm. Unit designed to produce 10.5 lbs. of water per pound of steam. Recovered water, containing near-zero organics and solids, was recycled to the manufacturing process. Performance over short periods exceeded design. Continuous operation for extended periods was rendered impossible, due to fouling and corrosion of copper alloy heat exchange surfaces. Corrosion was traced to presence of 2 to 5 ppm of sulfides in the wastewater feed. Unit was retubed with titanium. This eliminated the corrosion, but the fouling continued. All attempts to reduce fouling by pretreating the wastewater feed stream were unsuccessful. Outside of the problems caused by the fouling of the heat transfer surfaces, the unit operated satisfactorily. If the fouling can be brought under control, this method has a high probability of providing an economical method of renovating wastewater streams containing water soluble salts and organic chemicals. This report was submitted in fulfillment of R and D Project 12020 GUT, Program Element IBB610, by The General Tire & Rubber Company under the partial sponsorship of the Environmental Protection Agency. Work completed January 1975.
Notes "October 1976." "EPA-600/2-76-260." Includes bibliographical references (page 63).
Place Published Cincinnati, Ohio :
Corporate Au Added Ent Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Cincinnati, Ohio). Office of Research and Development.
PUB Date Free Form 1976.
Series Title Traced Environmental protection technology series
NTIS Prices PC A06/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20060614164449
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01013cam 2200253Ka 45020