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Main Title An investigation of ion removal from water and wastewater /
Author Starkey, R. J., ; Starkey, Jr, R. J. ; Kub, M. E. ; Binks, A. E. ; Jain., K. K.
CORP Author General Electric Co., Philadelphia, Pa.;National Environmental Research Center, Corvallis, Oreg.
Publisher Office of Research and Development : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.,
Year Published 1973
Report Number EPA-660/3-74-022; EPA-68-01-0904
Stock Number PB-240 158
OCLC Number 01458990
Subjects Water--Purification. ; Water--Purification--Ion exchange process. ; Eutrophication. ; Water Purification--methods ; Water quality bioassay.
Additional Subjects Coagulation ; Adsorption ; Dialysis ; Sewage treatment ; Ions ; Aluminum oxide ; Alums ; Performance evaluation ; Anions ; Cations ; Organic compounds ; Phosphorus inorganic compounds ; Polyelectrolytes ; Efficiency ; Nitrogen organic compounds ; Inorganic nitrates ; Ammonia ; Water pollution control
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 660-3-74-022 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 07/09/2012
EJBD  EPA 660-3-74-022 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/30/2014
ELBD  EPA 660-3-74-022 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 02/24/2022
ESBD  EPA-660-3-74-022 CPHEA/PESD Library/Corvallis,OR 09/27/2017
NTIS  PB-240 158 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation ix, 116 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Abstract Three standardized techniques (capillary membrane dialysis, alumina adsorption, alum/polyelectrolyte coagulation) have been compared under laboratory conditions to determine their relative effectiveness in removing a broad spectrum of nutrients, cations, and anions from freshly collected samples of stream water and wastewater effluent (secondary and tertiary). Of these alumina adsorption was highly effective in removal of phosphorus, inorganic carbon, as well as most cations with concomitant reduction of specific conductance and hardness. High Kjeldahl and ammonia nitrogen removal efficiencies of alumina were only observed in samples of wastewater in which pre-treatment concentrations were relatively high. Dialysis occupied an intermediate position in respect to cation removal, but produced results equivalent to alumina adsorption in respect to inorganic carbon. Superiority of dialysis in removal of sodium, potassium, chloride, nitrate-nitrite, boron, and dissolved solids is reported. Alum/polyelectrolyte (Betz no. 1150) proved to be effective in removing phosphorus from all waters tested, but was highly ineffective in respect to all other parameters tested.
Notes Prepared for Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Contract 68-01-0904, program element 1BA031, Roap/Task 21 AJE 26. Includes bibliographical references (pages 87-88).
Place Published Washington
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development,
Title Ser Add Ent Research reporting series. Ecological research ; EPA-660/3-74-022.
Alternate Title Ion removal from water and wastewater
PUB Date Free Form 1973
Series Title Traced Ecological research series ; 1974, 22
Series Title Untraced Ecological research series ; EPA-660/3-74-022
Ti Tra Differently Ion removal from water and wastewater.
NTIS Prices PC A07/MF A01
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Merged OCLC records 70336177
OCLC Time Stamp 20220217213024
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23:660/3-74-022
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 02402cam 2200505Ii 45010