||Application of Life-Cycle Assessment to Nanoscale Technology: Lithium-ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles.
||National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH. Office of Research and Development.; Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution, Prevention, and Toxics.
Hybrid electric powered vehicles ;
Electric batteries ;
Cost analysis ;
Automotive transportation ;
Lithium batteries ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||Demand for electric vehicles is increasing, and lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries with increased ranges will be critical to increasing electric vehicle marketability and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. While Li-ion batteries are expected to play a key role in the electric drive transportation industry, there are opportunities for improvements in the batteries life-cycles that will reduce possible impacts to the environment and public health in a few specific areas, as their use increases. This study, carried out through a partnership led by EPA, with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Li-ion battery industry, and academics, was the first life-cycle assessment (LCA) to bring together and use life-cycle inventory data directly provided by Li-ion battery suppliers, manufacturers, and recyclers. Its purpose was to identify the materials or processes within a Li-ion batterys life cycle (from materials extraction and processing, manufacturing, use, and end-of-life) that most contribute to impacts on public health and the environment. It also sought to evaluate the potential impacts of a nanotechnology innovation (i.e., a carbon nanotube anode) that could improve battery performance.
||Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution, Prevention, and Toxics.
||Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)605-6900; and email at email@example.com. NTIS is located at 5301 Shawnee Road, Alexandria, VA, 22312, USA.
|PUB Date Free Form
||24 Apr 2013
||97N; 97M; 85H; 68