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Main Title Review and evaluation of the influence of chemicals on the conductivity of soil clays /
Author Brown, Kenneth Warren,
CORP Author Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Lab.
Publisher Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1988
Report Number EPA/600-2-88-016; EPA-R-808824; EPA-R-811663
Stock Number PB88-170608; PB88-170808
OCLC Number 18193703
Subjects Soil pollution ; Clay soils
Additional Subjects Organic compounds ; Solvents ; Hydraulic conductivity ; Clay soils ; Soil compacting ; Xylene ; Gasoline ; Kerosene ; Field tests ; Acetone ; Linings ; Waste disposal ; Earth fills ; Diagrams ; Ground water
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-88-016 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-88-016 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/07/2022
NTIS  PB88-170808 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 202 pages ; 28 cm
Abstract A study was undertaken to ascertain the effects of organic solvents on compacted soils. Laboratory measurements showed that clay initially dispersed in water will flocculate as the concentration of organic increases. The hydraulic conductivity typically increased two or three orders of magnitude at concentrations above which the clay flocculated. Laboratory conductivity measurements indicated that elevated gradients caused a significant decrease in conductivity when the permeant was water. No significant changes were found however with organic liquids. The average conductivity of three commercial clays to xylene was significantly greater than corresponding conductivities to water. In addition, the conductivities of two of the three commercial clays to both gasoline and kerosene were also significantly increased. Conductivities measured in the field test cells confirmed the results obtained in the laboratory. All three soils exhibited increased conductivity when exposed to xylene. When exposed to acetone, the soils underwent an initial decrease in conductivity.
Notes "February 1988." "EPA/600-2-88-016."
Place Published Cincinnati, OH
Supplementary Notes Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Lab.
Corporate Au Added Ent Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory.
PUB Date Free Form 1988
NTIS Prices PC A10/MF A01
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20220330213021
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01478cam 2200385 a 45010