Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 24 OF 495

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Acute Toxicity of Thiocyanate to Trout.
Author Heming, T. A. ; Thurston, R. V. ; Meyn, E. L. ; Zajdel, R. K. ;
CORP Author British Columbia Univ., Vancouver. ;Montana State Univ., Bozeman. Fisheries Bioassay Lab.;Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, MN.
Year Published 1985
Report Number EPA/600/J-85/273;
Stock Number PB86-157740
Additional Subjects Thiocyanates ; Trout ; Toxicity ; Water pollution ; Exposure ; Concentration(Composition) ; Accumulation ; Exercise (Physiology) ; Nervous system disorders ; Bioassay ; Cyanides ; Survival ; Tests ; Reprints ; Salmo gairdneri ; Brook trout
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
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Status
NTIS  PB86-157740 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/21/1988
Collation 13p
Abstract
Acutely toxic effects of thiocyanate SCN(-) were studied in brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis and rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri exposed to concentrations of up to 518 mg/l SCN(-). These fishes were capable of accumulating thiocyanate against its concentration gradient and at relatively rapid rates dependent upon the exposure SCN(-) concentration, fish size, and anionic composition of the exposure water. Uptake of thiocyanate was inhibited by external chloride, was accompanied by a decline in the plasma Cl(-) concentration, and, therefore, presumably involved substitution of SCN(-) for Cl(-) at the HCO3(-)/Cl(-) exchange sites of the gill. Endogenous conversion of thiocyanate to cyanide was detected in exposed trout. (Copyright (c) by the American Fisheries Society 1985.)