||Investigation of the effects of food standards on pesticide use
Brown, Martin ;
Garcia, Richard ;
Magowan, Cathleen ;
||California Univ., Albany. Div. of Biological Control.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Pesticide Programs.
||University of California at Berkeley, Division of Biological Controls?,
||EPA 540/9-78-003 ; 68-01-2602; EPA-68-01-2602
Pesticides--Government policy--California ;
Quality control ;
Citrus fruits ;
Pest control ;
Decision making ;
||OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||xv, 160 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Three commodities, fresh market oranges, processing tomatoes and cling peaches were assessed concerning the role of pest related (largely insect) quality standards and their relationship to pesticide usage. In each of the commodities cosmetic quality standards appear to have a significant effect on pesticide usage, both in regard to the amount of chemicals used and the utilization of specific pesticides and in regard to the general approach to pest management. In general, extremely strict quality standards seem to mitigate against the adoption of integrated pest management (IPM). Growers are reluctant to adopt such programs because they are forced by processor, marketer and consumer pressures to strive for virtual 'zero' pest levels. This is a major reason why available IPM programs which maintain crop quality and yield while reducing pesticide usage up to 50 percent are hardly used by the growers of the three crops assessed in this study.
Prepared for Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, Office of Pesticide Programs"--Cover. Environmental Protection Agency contract 68-01-2602." "Mar 78"--Cover. "EPA-540/9-78-003"--Rep. doc. p. Final report, period covered approx. 1974-77. Includes bibliographical references.