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RECORD NUMBER: 38 OF 135

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Extrapolating Photolysis Rates from the Laboratory to the Environment.
Author Miller, Glen C. ; Zepp, Richard G. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab., Athens, GA. ;Nevada Univ., Reno.
Year Published 1983
Report Number EPA-600/J-82-166;
Stock Number PB83-229567
Additional Subjects Photolysis ; Environmental surveys ; Photochemistry ; Pesticides ; Air pollution ; Soils ; Water pollution ; Field tests ; Laboratory equipment ; Reprints ; Xenobiotics
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB83-229567 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 23p
Abstract
The importance of environmental photolysis of pesticides and other xenobiotics has been realized in the last decade and methods for assessing these processes are continually being improved. The general goal has been to develop quantitative laboratory procedures that can be used to estimate photolysis under a variety of environmental situations. To do this requires consideration of several factors involving both the chemical of interest and the environmental matrix. These include the absorption spectrum and quantum yield of the compound in each environmental matrix, the solar intensity at each wavelength, sunlight screening factors, and the contribution of indirect photochemical reactions to the dissipation of the xenobiotic. This paper reviews reported studies of photolysis of pesticides in air, on soils, and in water. Methods for assessing both the direct and indirect photolysis of pollutants in aqueous systems have received the most scientific attention. Studies under laboratory light systems and outdoor experiments are reviewed.