Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 49 OF 175

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effect of Methyl Parathion on Food Discrimination in Northern Bobwhite ('Colinus virginianus').
Author Bussiere, J. L. ; Kendall, R. J. ; Lacher, T. E. ; Bennett, R. S. ;
CORP Author Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR. ;Western Washington Univ., Bellingham. Inst. of Wildlife Toxicology.
Publisher c1989
Year Published 1989
Report Number EPA/600/J-89/510;
Stock Number PB91-177089
Additional Subjects Methyl parathion ; Birds ; Wildlife ; Feeding behavior ; Dose-response relationships ; Avoidance behavior ; Body weight ; Food consumption ; Cholinesterase ; Food contamination ; Reprints ; Taste discrimination ; Northern bobwhite ; Colinus virginianus
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
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Status
NTIS  PB91-177089 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 09/04/1991
Collation 9p
Abstract
The effect of methyl parathion on dietary discrimination ability was assessed in two-week-old northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus). An initial oral dose of methyl parathion (0, 3 or 6 mg/kg: O, O-dimethyl O-(4-nitrophenyl)ester) was given to two subgroups of bobwhite before a 6-d food discrimination test; one group was tested with a choice of food treated with 45 ppm methyl parathion versus normal food and the second with a choice of 90 ppm treated food versus normal food. The average discrimination ratios (i.e., amount of treated to untreated food consumed) were used to indicate the chicks' ability to discriminate and avoid contaminated food. Chicks administered 6 mg/kg methyl parathion did not discriminate between treated and untreated food at either food treatment level and initially chose treated over untreated food (ratio=1.28; p<0.05). Brain cholinesterase activity in the 6 mg/kg groups averaged 50% of control levels, indicating high exposure to methyl parathion, which correlated with a behavioral disturbance (i.e.,preference for treated food on day 1). Cholinesterase activity did not correlate with the discrimination ratios throughout the remainder of the 6-d exposure period due to the strong side preference that developed in the treated groups. The study demonstrates that feeding behavior and taste discrimination ability of bobwhite chicks was impaired due to exposure to methyl parathion. (Copyright (c) 1989 SETAC.)