Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Energy Cost and IAQ Performance of Ventilation Systems and Controls. Report 6: Meeting Outdoor Air Requirements in Very High Occupant Density Buildings. A Study of Auditoriums and Schools.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Air and Radiation.
Publisher Jan 2000
Year Published 2000
Report Number EPA-402-S-01-001F;
Stock Number PB2005-109845
Additional Subjects Residential buildings ; Schools ; Air quality ; Assessments ; Air flow ; Temperature ; Environmental exposure ;
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2005-109845 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 07/12/2006
Collation 46p
ASHRAE Standard 62-1989 (and the subsequent Standard 62-19991) raised the outdoor air requirements for acceptable indoor air quality for very high occupant density buildings such as schools and auditoriums from its previous level of 5 cfm per occupant to 15 cfm per occupant. Since occupant densities in these buildings can be very high (e.g. 30-150 occupants per 1000 square feet), the absolute increase in outdoor air volumes in these buildings due to ASHRAE Standard 62 is exceptionally large, and outdoor air fractions (proportion of supply air which is outdoor air) rise significantly. Therefore, air flows in these buildings become heavily dominated by indoor air quality requirements rather than by thermal load requirements. This raises questions as to whether VAV systems can effectively meet the ASHRAE requirements under part load conditions. At part load conditions, supply air flows may be less than the required outdoor air flows unless VAV box minimum flow settings are sufficiently high. However, as VAV box minimum flow settings are raised in VAV systems, the operational characteristics of the VAV system approach that of a CV system (see Project Report no. 3), so that the energy savings of VAV systems over CV systems may be diminished or lost in these buildings. This further suggests that VAV systems in very high occupant density buildings whose design settings are meant to achieve the ASHRAE requirement of 15 cfm per occupant, may not in actuality be meeting that requirement unless their VAV box minimum flow settings are higher than normal practice would provide.