Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 399 OF 2608

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Consumer vehicle choice model documentation /
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Transportation and Air Quality.; Oak Ridge National Lab., TN.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, Assessment and Standards Division,
Year Published 2012
Report Number EPA-420-B-12-052; DE-AC05-00R22725
Stock Number PB2013-101403
OCLC Number 812460806
Subjects Automobiles--Fuel consumption. ; Automobiles--Purchasing--Data processing.
Additional Subjects Motor vehicles ; Consumer affairs ; Costs ; Documentation ; Economic model ; Emission reduction ; Fuel economy ; Gases ; Greenhouse effect ; Standards ; US EPA
Internet Access
Description Access URL
http://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=P100EZ37.PDF
http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo30524
https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=P100EZ37.PDF
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
ELCD  EPA 420-B-12-052 PDF file on file NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI 10/16/2012
NTIS  PB2013-101403 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 04/24/2013
Collation 1 online resource (viii, 54 pages) : illustrations
Abstract
In response to the Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions standards, automobile manufacturers will need to adopt new technologies to improve the fuel economy of their vehicles and to reduce the overall GHG emissions of their fleets. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed the Optimization Model for reducing GHGs from Automobiles (OMEGA) to estimate the costs and benefits of meeting GHG emission standards through different technology packages. However, the model does not simulate the impact that increased technology costs will have on vehicle sales or on consumer surplus. As the model documentation states, While OMEGA incorporates functions which generally minimize the cost of meeting a specified carbon dioxide (CO2) target, it is not an economic simulation model which adjusts vehicle sales in response to the cost of the technology added to each vehicle. Changes in the mix of vehicles sold, caused by the costs and benefits of added fuel economy technologies, could make it easier or more difficult for manufacturers to meet fuel economy and emissions standards, and impacts on consumer surplus could raise the costs or augment the benefits of the standards. Because the OMEGA model does not presently estimate such impacts, the EPA is investigating the feasibility of developing an adjunct to the OMEGA model to make such estimates. This project is an effort to develop and test a candidate model. The project statement of work spells out the key functional requirements for the new model.
Notes
Title from title screen (viewed on Oct. 10, 2012). "EPA contract no. DE-AC05-00OR22725." "EPA-420-B-12-052." "August 2012." Includes bibliographical references (pages 41-44).
Contents Notes
In response to the Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions standards, automobile manufacturers will need to adopt new technologies to improve the fuel economy of their vehicles and to reduce the overall GHG emissions of their fleets. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed the Optimization Model for reducing GHGs from Automobiles (OMEGA) to estimate the costs and benefits of meeting GHG emission standards through different technology packages. However, the model does not simulate the impact that increased technology costs will have on vehicle sales or on consumer surplus. As the model documentation states, "While OMEGA incorporates functions which generally minimize the cost of meeting a specified carbon dioxide (CO2) target, it is not an economic simulation model which adjusts vehicle sales in response to the cost of the technology added to each vehicle." Changes in the mix of vehicles sold, caused by the costs and benefits of added fuel economy technologies, could make it easier or more difficult for manufacturers to meet fuel economy and emissions standards, and impacts on consumer surplus could raise the costs or augment the benefits of the standards. Because the OMEGA model does not presently estimate such impacts, the EPA is investigating the feasibility of developing an adjunct to the OMEGA model to make such estimates. This project is an effort to develop and test a candidate model. The project statement of work spells out the key functional requirements for the new model.