Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 35 OF 729
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Application of municipal sludges on energy crops : a feasibility analysis /|
|CORP Author||InterTechnology/Solar Corporation.|
|Publisher||Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,|
|Report Number||EPA/600/2-84/095; EPA-68-01-4688; EPA-600/2-83-095|
|Subjects||Sewage sludge as fertilizer--United States. ; Energy crops--United States.|
|Additional Subjects||Economic factors ; Sludge disposal ; Forest land ; Feasibility ; Forest trees ; Fuels ; Grain crops ; Energy ; Biomass ; Ethanol ; Wood ; Comparison ; Earth fills ; Hardwoods ; Nutrients ; Yield ; Urban areas ; Land application ; Biomass plantations|
|Collation||175 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm|
This study evaluates the feasibility of disposing of treated municipal sludge on marginal land used to grow energy crops. In contrast to the use of sludge on agricultural crops, its use on energy crops avoids most of the problems associated with the presence of heavy metals and other pollutants in sludge. This analysis shows that replacing sludge incineration and /or landfilling with land spreading on energy crops can result in dollar and energy credits to municipalities implementing this alternative. The potential economic advantage of the energy crop approach is, however, very sensitive to local factors such as the value of the credits gained from eliminating incineration or landfilling and the annual yields of the energy crops.
Final report. "September 1983." Includes bibliographical references (pages 158-163). Prepared for Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory. PB84-101559. Microfiche.
Evaluates the feasibility of disposing of treated municipal sludge on marginal land used to grow energy crops (e.g., wood to be used for fuel, or sugar and grain products to be used for ethanol). Cf. Introduction.