The AQUIRE-AQUatic toxicity information REtrieval-data base was established in 1981 by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), Office of Pesticide and Toxic Substances. AQUIRE continues to be updated and maintained at the US EPA Environmental Research Laboratory-Duluth. The purpose of AQUIRE is to provide scientists and managers quick access to a comprehensive, systematic, computerized compilation of aquatic toxic effects data for freshwater and marine organisms. The AQUIRE system is one of the foremost resources for the location of aquatic toxicity information and is commonly used to evaluate and prioritize the hazards of industrial chemicals and pesticides in the USA and abroad. Scientific papers published both nationally and internationally on the toxicity of chemicals to aquatic organisms and plants are collected and reviewed for AQUIRE. Independently compiled data files that meet AQUIRE parameter and quality assurance criteria are also included. Relevant toxicity test results and related test information for any individual chemicals analyzed using freshwater and marine organisms in laboratory and field conditions, are included in the database. Since 1994, nine data updates were made to the AQUIRE system. AQUIRE now contains 129,740 individual aquatic toxicity test results for 5,679 chemicals, 2,827 organisms, and over 160 endpoints reviewed from 7,517 publications. Over 16,000 of the AQUIRE records represent aquatic toxicity data reported in the literature for the publication years 1989-1991. AQUIRE offers data contributed through an international data exchange clearinghouse with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the Borok Institute in Russia. The current release of AQUIRE delivers data submitted from Germany, The Netherlands, and Russia. AQUIRE features include a data selection option that permits searches that are restricted to data added or modified through any of the eight most recent updates, and a
report generation (Full Record Detail) that displays the entire AQUIRE record for each test identified in a search. Selection of the Full Record Detail feature allows the user to peruse all AQUIRE fields for a given test, including the information stored in the remarks section, while the standard AQUIRE output format presents selected data fields in a concise table. The standard report remains an available option for rapid viewing of system output.