This interactive workshop with 38 participants from industry, academia and government was held May 5-6, 1998, in Cincinnati, Ohio. The purpose of the workshop was to evaluate the state of the art for ion exchange and to project applicability of advanced adsorption systems to industrial needs. The participants shared information associated with industry segments and their process and waste streams which could benefit from appropriate adsorption technology. Facilitated discussion groups were utilized to identify research required to guide technology development in the future. This document represents summary material from the presentations and discussion during the workshop. It does not constitute actual proceedings, since the presentations were informal and no written versions were required. The list of participants and contact information is included as an appendix.