Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Greenhouse gases from small-scale combustion devices in developing countries charcoal-making kilns in Thailand / [electronic resource] :
Author Smith, K. ; Pennise, D. ; Khummongkol, P. ; Chaiwong, V. ; Ritgeen, K. ;
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Smith, Kirk R.
CORP Author East-West Center, Honolulu, HI. Environment Program.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development,
Year Published 1999
Report Number EPA-600/R-99-109; EPA-R-820243
Stock Number PB2000-102245
Subjects Charcoal kilns--Thailand.
Additional Subjects Air pollution sources ; Greenhouse gases ; Kilns ; Combustion products ; Thailand ; Wood fuels ; Charcoals ; Carbon ; Combustion efficiency ; Emission factors ; Carbon dioxide ; Methane ; Hydrocarbons ; Nitrogen oxides ; Nitrous oxide ; Carbon monoxide ; Particulates ;
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2000-102245 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/06/2000
Collation 1 online resource ([69]) p. : ill., charts, digital, PDF file.
The report gives results of measurements of airborne emissions, during typical operating conditions, from charcoal-making kilns commonly used in the developing world. The kilns tested were of five types: brick beehive, mud beehive, earth mound, rice husk mound, and single (oil) drum. Emission factors for the production of charcoal were determined for: (1) the direct greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O); (2) the indirect greenhouse gases carbon monoxide (CO) and total non-methane hydrocarbons (TNMHCs); and (3) total suspended particulates (TSPs). Charcoal production efficiency (yield) and charcoal and fuelwood composition were determined as well.
Title from title screen (viewed on Dec. 8, 2010). "EPA-600/R-99-109." "Prepared for: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development." "3-December-1999." U.S. EPA Cooperative Agreement CR820243 (East-West Center). Includes bibliographical references (p. 35-36).