||KVB, Inc., Irvine, CA. ;Metcalf and Eddy, Inc., Wakefield, MA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air and Energy Engineering Research Lab.
The report consolidates, evaluates, and presents available air pollution emission data and air pollution control technology relevant to oil shale production, for use by project developers in preparing environmental impact statements and permit applications under Clean Air Act and for local regulatory approval. Processes covered include: Subsurface and surface mining; Raw shale sizing and handling; In situ and aboveground retorting; Spent shale combustion and disposal; Product upgrading. Air pollution control technology covered includes traditional processes for NOx(Nitrogen Oxides), sulfur compounds, particulates, VOCs(Volatile Organic Compounds), and CO(Carbon Monoxide) control. Recently developed control processes not discussed elsewhere in the literature are also discussed and include: Catalytic mufflers for NOx, VOC, and CO control on surface and subsurface vehicles; wet scrubbing process (caustic/charcoal/sodium hypochlorite solution) for organic sulfur compounds; Staged combustion for NOx control of high-nitrogen fuels.