Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Estimated worker exposure to 2378-TCDD and 2378-TCDF from processing and commercial use of pulp and paper mill sludge /
Author Krishnan, R. ; Meyer, C. ; Goodman, B. ; Foerst., M. B.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Krishnan, Radha.
CORP Author PEI Associates, Inc., Cincinnati, OH.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Toxic Substances.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Toxic Substances,
Year Published 1990
Report Number EPA/560-4-90-016; EPA-68-D8-0112
Stock Number PB90-273491
OCLC Number 22895481
Subjects Polychlorinated dibenzofurans--Environmental aspects ; Dioxins--Environmental aspects ; Papermaking--Environmental aspects--United States ; Wood-pulp industry--Environmental aspects--United States ; Health risk assessment--United States
Additional Subjects Paper industry ; Sludge ; Waste water ; Exposure ; Skin(Anatomy) ; Tables(Data) ; Respiration ; Occupational exposure ; Environmental exposure pathways ; Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin ; Tetrachlorodibenzofuran ; Dermal absorption ; Risk assessment
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJED  EPA 560/4-90/016 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 12/30/2005
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 560-4-90-016 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD RPS EPA 560-4-90-016 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 11/04/2019
ESAD  EPA 560-4-90-016 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB90-273491 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 volume (various pagings)
The report assesses potential worker exposures and risks to 2378 TCDD and 2378 TCDF in the processing and commercial use of pulp and paper mill sludge. The report identifies the job categories in each operation and examines worker exposure via the following three exposure pathways: (1) inhalation of volatilized 2378 TCDD/2378 TCDF, (2) inhalation of particulates containing 2378 TCDD/2378 TCDF, and (3) dermal contact with pulp and paper mill sludge. Since no available personnel exposure monitoring data is available, various modeling techniques and assumptions are used to estimate exposures. A range (low and high values) of exposure and risk estimates are presented for each industry/worker scenario and exposure route. The 'low' and 'high' exposures and risks are estimated based on the lowest and highest dioxin TEQ concentrations, as reported in the 104-Mill Study, and typical to reasonable worst-case assumptions, respectively.
"July 1990." "EPA/560-4-90-016." "Contract no. 68-D8-0112." "Work assignment no. P2-2." "PN 3786-26."