Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Clouds and storms : the behavior and effect of water in the atmosphere /
Author Ludlam, F. H.,
Publisher Pennsylvania State University Press,
Year Published 1980
OCLC Number 03072201
ISBN 0271005157; 9780271005157
Subjects Cloud physics ; Wolke ; Atmosphäre ; Wasser ; Storms ; Wolke--(DE-588)4125270-6
Additional Subjects Cloud physics
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Table of contents
Contributor biographical information
Publisher description
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKBM  QC921.5.L83 1980 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/31/2011
Collation xv, 405 pages, 30 unnumbered leaves of plates : illustrations ; 29 cm
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
Contents Notes
THE INFLUENCE OF WATER ON THE GENERAL BEHAVIOR OF THE ATMOSPHERE: Solar radiation and terrestrial temperatures -- The influence of water vapor on terrestrial long-wave radiation and temperature -- General characteristics of atmospheric convection -- THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MOIST ATMOSPHERE AND ITS PARTICLES: Equations of state -- Saturation -- The specification of humidity -- The measurement of humidity -- The theory of the psychrometer -- Properties of atmospheric particles -- Atmospheric refraction -- Scattering of radiation in the atmosphere -- THERMODYNAMIC REFERENCE PROCESSES: Isobaric mixing of moist air masses -- Production of clouds by the isobaric mixing of unsaturated air masses -- Dissipation of cloud by isobaric mixing with clear air -- Thermodynamic wet-bulb temperature -- Change of state of unsaturated air during expansion and compression: the dry adiabatic reference process, and potential temperature -- The lapse rate of the dew point; the saturation level -- Change of state of saturated air during expansion and compression: saturated reference processes, and saturation potential temperature -- Aerological diagrams -- Wet-bulb potential temperature -- Comparison of theoretical and practical wet-bulb temperatures -- ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL: Sources of atmospheric trace substances -- The size distribution of tropospheric aerosol particles -- The nomenclature of tropospheric aerosol particles -- The composition of tropospheric aerosol particles -- Extraterrestrial sources of aerosol particles -- Stratospheric aerosol particles -- The equilibrium of solution droplets -- The scattering of light by atmospheric aerosol; visual range -- THE FORMATION, GROWTH, AND EVAPORATION OF CLOUD PARTICLES: The growth of solution droplets -- The deviation of solution droplets from equilibrium -- The formation of a cloud from a population of solution droplets -- The supersaturation well above the saturation level -- Comparison of the contributions of condensation and coalescence to the rate of growth of an individual droplet -- The formation of clouds by isobaric mixing -- The evaporation of drops; precipitation -- The ventilation coefficients in the transfer equations -- The temperature of evaporating water drops -- The distance of fall of drops before complete evaporation; the distinction among cloud droplets, drizzle drops, and raindrops -- The formation of ice particles -- The growth of ice crystals by condensation -- The growth of ice particles by accretion -- The multiplication of ice particles by fragmentation -- ATMOSPHERIC MOTION SYSTEMS: The identification of motion systems -- The scales of motion systems -- The development of the theory of motion systems -- The classification of motion systems -- The classification and nomenclature of clouds -- CUMULUS CONVECTION: General aspects of transfers of heat and water vapor between the atmosphere and the underlying medium -- The simple parcel theory of convection -- Fluxes and gradients near the surface -- The estimation of convective transfers; the condensation level -- The stratification during cumulus convection -- The arrangement of convective circulations -- Experimental forms of convection -- Observations of the properties of cumulus clouds -- The interpretation of observed cumulus properties -- Theories of cumulus convection -- CUMULONIMBUS CONVECTION: The formation of showers -- The vertical development of cumulonimbus -- The properties of ordinary cumulonimbus -- Intense cumulonimbus; severe local storms -- General characteristics of intense traveling storms; cumulonimbus dynamics -- The distribution over the world of (intense) organized cumulonimbus -- Conditions for the formation of intense storms -- Characteristics of severe local storms -- Tornadoes and waterspouts -- The evaporation of rain in cumulonimbus downdrafts -- Hail -- The precipitation intensity and radar reflectivity in cumulonimbus -- LARGE-SCALE SLOPE CONVECTION: General aspects of the large-scale flow in the troposphere outside the tropics -- Scale analysis and simple states of large-scale atmospheric motion -- The stability of large-scale sheared flows -- The observed properties of large-scale slope convection -- The large-scale cloud and precipitation systems of slope convection -- Small-scale clouds and cloud systems in large-scale flows.