Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Quantifying the Effect of Local Government Actions on VMT.
Author D. Salon
CORP Author California Univ., Davis. Inst. of Transportation Studies.; California State Air Resources Board, Sacramento.; California Environmental Protection Agency, Sacramento.
Year Published 2014
Report Number CARB-09-343
Stock Number PB2014-105975
Additional Subjects Travel demand ; Vehicle mileage ; Local government ; California ; Government policies ; Households ; Jurisdiction ; Land use ; Neighborhoods ; Surveys ; Transportation systems ; Trip generation ; Vehicle miles traveled(VMT)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2014-105975 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 127p
To comply with AB 32 and SB 375, California local and regional governments are working to reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT). To develop targeted policies with scarce resources, policymakers need guidance as to which policies will be most effective in their jurisdictions. This research uses empirical analysis of travel survey data to quantify how much Californians will change the amount that they drive in response to changes in land use and transport system variables. Our study improves upon past research in three key ways. First, we assemble and use a dataset that consists of merged information from five California-based household travel surveys that were conducted between 2000 and 2009. Second, we develop and employ a novel approach to control for residential self-selection, categorizing neighborhoods into types and using these as the alternatives in a predictive model of neighborhood type choice. Third, we focus on understanding heterogeneity in effects of variables on VMT across two important dimensions--neighborhood type and trip type. We find that the effects of some land use and transport system characteristics do depend on neighborhood type, in ways that are intuitive but had not previously been empirically verified. Results of this research are embedded in the VMT Impact spreadsheet tool, which allows users to easily see the implications of this work for any census tract, city, or region in California.