||Effect of pH Concentration on the Transport of Naphthalene in Saturated Aquifer Media.
Kan, A. T. ;
Tomson., M. B. ;
||National Center for Ground Water Research, Houston, TX.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK. Ground Water Research Branch.
Water pollution ;
Mathematical models ;
Organic compounds ;
Ground water ;
Environmental transport ;
||Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown.
Sorption is one of the primary mechanisms for retarding the movement of organic contaminants in groundwater. Sorption of hydrophobic compounds such as toluene, naphthalene, and DDT is generally assumed to be linearly proportional to solution phase concentration. In the present research naphthalene was chosen as a model compound. Batch adsorption was studied from 0.01 to 1.00 mg/L. Transport of naphthalene through a specially designed soil column apparatus was studied from 5 to 9 pH and from 0.025 to 2.0 mg/L initial concentration. All transport data could be modeled using a single pH-modified Freundlich isotherm: q = 2.71 (1 - sigma delta pH)C(sup 0.81) r = 0.999 where q (microgram/g) is the amount of contaminant sorbed on the soil per g of soil, C is the contaminant concentration in the flowing water, sigma is a correction factor and delta pH = pH - 7. The exponent agrees with the batch data to within one percent and the partition coefficient is within a factor of two. The implications of these results to environmental transport modeling are discussed. (Copyright (c) 1990 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V.)