Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Tests of the shell SOCK skimmer aboard USNS Powhatan
Author Lichte, H. W. ; Borst, M. ; Smith, G. F.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Borst, M.
Smith, G. F.
CORP Author Mason and Hanger-Silas Mason Co., Inc., Leonardo, NJ.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA/600/2-81/216; EPA-68-03-2642
Stock Number PB82-220849
OCLC Number 48233503
Additional Subjects Skimmers ; Oceans ; Water pollution ; Performance evaluation ; Materials recovery ; Emulsification ; Forecasting ; Spilled oil containment kit ; Oil pollution containment ; Oil spills
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD  EPA 600-2-81-216 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 11/02/2001
NTIS  PB82-220849 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation ix, 82 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
The Spilled Oil Containment Kit (SOCK), developed by Shell Development Company, was tested in a controlled crude oil dumping off the New Jersey Coast in early 1980. The skimmer had been designed as a physical attachment to an oil industry work boat in a vessel-of-opportunity deployment mode. The United States Naval Ship (USNS) Powhatan T-ATF fleet tug was chosen as a similar vessel and one that had an oil spill recovery operation mode. The test program is described, including the oil/water distribution and collection system, deployment and retrieval of the SOCK, the onboard fluid measurement, data analysis, logistics, weather and environment measurements, and the Powhatan/SOCK interface. The light crude oil and ocean water collected were stored aboard the vessel and decanted; the emulsified oil was later sold as waste oil. Eight experimental crude oil dumps are described and analyzed. The sea conditions varied from calm to 1.8-m significant wave heights. During the 6 days at sea, 50cu m of oil were dumped, and the skimmer collected 32 m of oil. The program is analyzed for future improvements to open ocean testing plans incorporating oil skimmers with and without vessels of opportunity.
This study conducted in cooperation with the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Geological Survey. Project officer: John E. Brugger. Contract no. 68-03-2642. Project officer: Richard A. Griffiths. Photocopy.